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I journey one single piece of trvel- the distnce covered when trvelling from one plce to nother

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A.V. Unit 2 Travel

Unit 2.1

Travel nouns:

  1.  travel (uncount.) -  the general term to describe going from one place to another

 travels - time spent travelling, especially in foreign countries and for pleasure

 *The novel is based on his travels in India.

  1.  journey - one single piece of travel: the distance covered when travelling from one place to another.    Journey can refer to a long distance or to a short regular one.

 *How long did your journey take? *How long is your journey to work? Just about 20 minutes.

 *a long and difficult journey across the mountains

  1.  trip - going to another place (often for a short period of time) and usually back again, for a purpose,  business or pleasure. Usually involves more than one single journey.

*day trip, round trip, business trip, a five-minute trip by taxi

Trip or journey?

  •  a trip usually involves you going to a place and back again; a journey is usually one-way
  •  a trip is often shorter than a journey, although it does not have to be:

*a trip to New York  *a round-the-world trip 

  •  it is often short in time, even if it is long in distance
  •  journey is more often used when the travelling takes a long time and is difficult
  •  in AmE journey is not used for short trips:

            *(BrE) What is your journey to work like?

  1.  tour /tʊə/ (of/round/around sth) - a journey made for pleasure during which several different   places/ towns/countries, etc. are visited

package tour - a holiday/vacation that is organised by a company at a fixed price and that includes the cost of travel, hotels, etc.

  1.  voyage /ˈvɔɪɪdʒ/- a long journey, not necessarily for pleasure, by sea or in space

*The Titanic sank on its maiden voyage (=first journey).

  1.  cruise /kruːz/ - a journey by sea, visiting different places, especially as a holiday/vacation

*I'd love to go on a round-the-world cruise. *a luxury cruise ship

  1.  outing - a short trip made for pleasure or education, usually with a group of people and lasting no more than a day

*The children were on a day's outing from school.

  1.  hike - a long walk in the country
  2.  camping - living in a tent on holiday/vacation

*Do you go camping?

  1.  expedition - an organized journey with a particular purpose, especially to find out about a place that is not well known

*to plan/lead/go on an expedition to the North Pole

  1.  be on / go on a trip/ journey / tour/cruise
  2.  make a trip / journey / tour
  3.  take a trip

  1.  accommodation (uncount.) - a place to live, work or stay in

*Hotel accommodation is included in the price of your holiday.

  1.  to argue - to give reasons why you think that sth is right/wrong, true/not true, etc, especially to persuade people that you are right

*He was too tired to argue the point (=discuss the matter).

*He argued that they needed more time to finish the project.

  1.  benefit - an advantage that sth gives you
  2.  be aware of sth /əˈweə/ - know or realise sth
  3.  be enthusiastic about sth /ɪnˌθjuːziˈæstɪk/

*You don't sound very enthusiastic about the idea.

  1.  be pleased with sth / to do sth
  2.  broaden the mind
  3.  broaden someone’s horizons /həˈraɪzn/
  4.  challenging - difficult in an interesting way that tests your ability
  5.  convenience /kənˈviːniəns/ - the quality of being useful, easy or suitable for somebody

   inconvenience /ˌɪnkənˈviːniəns/ - trouble or problems

  *We apologize for the delay and regret any inconvenience it may have caused.

  1.  common /ˈkɒmən/ - happening often; existing in large numbers or in many places
  2.  custom /ˈkʌstəm/ (of doing sth) - an accepted way of behaving / of doing things in a society

   customs - таможня

  1.  destination - a place to which sb/sth is going or being sent
  2.  distant - far away in space or time
  3.  documentary /ˌdɒkjuˈmentri/- a film or tv programme giving facts about sth
  4.  domestic - inside a particular country; not foreign or international

  *domestic flights (=to and from places within a country)

  1.  explore sth - to travel to/around an area/country in order to learn about it
  2.  experience (different cultures)
  3.  fascinating /ˈfæsɪneɪtɪŋ/ - extremely interesting and attractive
  4.  find oneself somewhere - to discover yourself doing sth or in a particular situation, especially when this is unexpected

 *I suddenly found myself running down the street.

  1.  get away from it all – to escape from sth
  2.  holidaymaker - a person who is visiting a place on holiday/vacation
  3.  holiday resort
  4.  inoculation /ɪˌnɒkjuˈleɪʃn/ - прививка

   have/take inoculations

  1.  insurance /ɪnˈʃʊərəns/ - страховка

 insurance policy - a written contract between a person and an insurance company

 comprehensive travel insurance

 take out/buy/get travel insurance

  1.  involve - if a situation/event/activity involves sth, that thing is an important or necessary part or result of it

 *The job involves me travelling all over the country.

  1.  get on / along with sb - to have a friendly relationship with sb

 *We get along just fine together.

  1.  at least
  2.  overseas / to go overseas
  3.  off the beaten track – 1) far away from other people, houses, etc; 2) unusual
  4.  perks - special benefits that are given to people who have a particular job (a company car, private medical insurance, etc)
  5.  to see the sights
  6.  terrifying – extremely frightening
  7.  tourist trap - a place that attracts a lot of tourists and where food, drink, entertainment, etc. is more expensive than normal
  8.  vast /vɑːst/ - extremely large

Unit 2.2

Phrasal verbs:

  1.  carry on sth / with sth / doing sth - continue
  2.  check in / out
  3.  get back
  4.  get in - to arrive at a place
  5.  get to
  6.  lift off – (of a spacecraft or a helicopter) to leave the ground and rise into the air
  7.  look round / around - to visit a place or building, walking around it to see what is there

    *Let's look round the town this afternoon.

  1.  pull over - to move to the side of the road in order to stop or let sth pass
  2.  set out - to leave a place and begin a journey
  3.  stop off - to make a short visit somewhere during a trip in order to do sth
  4.  stop over - to stay somewhere for a short time during a long journey
  5.  take off - to leave the ground and start flying
  6.  take up sth / doing sth - to start / become involved in      *He took up gardening.

  1.  achievement /əˈtʃiːvmənt/
  2.  advanced - having the most modern and recently developed ideas, methods, etc
  3.  aqualung /ˈækwəlʌŋ/
  4.  available - that you can get, buy or find
  5.  award /əˈwɔːd/ - a prize such as money, etc. for sth that sb has done
  6.  at dawn /dɔːn/ - на рассвете
  7.  to be accused of doing sth – blamed for
  8.  to break sth / for sth - to stop doing sth for a short time; to interrupt sth so that it ends suddenly

    *We broke our journey in Oxford (=stopped in Oxford on the way to the place we were going to).

  1.  to care for the environment
  2.  a child born to / of parents

    *He was born of/to German parents.

  1.  environmentalist /ɪnˌvaɪrənˈmentəlɪst/ - a person who is concerned about the natural environment and wants to improve and protect it
  2.  coal /kəʊl/ - уголь
  3.  delay - if there is a delay, something does not happen until later than planned or expected

*a delay of two hours / a two-hour delay

*Report it to the police without delay (=immediately).

   hold-up - a situation in which sth is prevented from happening for a short time; delay

  1.  desert /ˈdezət/ - пустыня
  2.  dessert /dɪˈzɜːt/ - десерт
  3.  gunpowder - explosive powder used especially in bombs or fireworks
  4.  to land – 1) to come down through the air onto the ground or another surface

       2) to arrive somewhere in a plane or a boat

  1.  legendary /ˈledʒəndri/
  2.  merchant /ˈmɜːtʃənt/
  3.  navy - the part of a country's armed forces that fights at sea, and the ships that it uses
  4.  overland /ˈəʊvəlænd/ (adj, adv) - across the land; by land, not by sea or by air

 *to travel overland

  1.  to parachute /ˈpærəʃuːt/ (out of sth / to sth)

 *She regularly goes parachuting.

  1.  petrol (BrE) = gas, gasoline (AmE)

 *to fill a car up with petrol

  1.  plant /plɑːnt/ - a factory or place where power is produced or an industrial process takes place
  2.  recruit /rɪˈkruːt/ - a person who joins an organisation, a company, etc
  3.  to receive an honour /ˈɒnə/
  4.  to sail – to travel on water
  5.  scuba diving equipment
  6.  shark
  7.  whale /weɪl/ - кит
  8.  treasure - a highly valued object
  9.     varied /ˈveərid/ (adj) – 1) of many different types  

    *It is essential that your diet is varied and balanced.

     2) not staying the same, but changing often

 *He led a full and varied life.

Unit 2.3

  1.  to accompany sb /əˈkʌmpəni/ (formal) - to travel or go somewhere with sb
  2.  amateur /ˈæmətə/ - a person who takes part in some activity for enjoyment, not as a job
  3.  to associate with sb/sth - to make a connection between people or things in your mind
  4.  to be overto end
  5.  to catch a train/bus/car/taxi/plane - to be in time for a bus, train, plane, etc. and get on it

      *We caught the 12.15 from Oxford. *I must go—I have a train to catch.

  1.  charity - the aim of giving money, food, help, etc. to people who are in need

      *to raise money for charity

  1.  to climb /klaɪm/- to go up something towards the top

to go climbing - to go up mountains or climb rocks as a hobby or sport

(to go) mountaineering - the sport or activity of climbing mountains

  1.  competent /ˈkɒmpɪtənt/ - having enough skill or knowledge to do sth well
  2.  consultant /kənˈsʌltənt/ - a person who knows a lot about a particular subject and is employed to   give advice about it to other people

consultancy firm

  1.  crisp - (of snow, leaves, etc.) firm or dry and making a pleasant noise when crushed
  2.  extensively – 1) on a large scale; 2) over a wide area; 3) in great detail

If you travel extensively, you cover a large physical area.

  1.  fierce /fɪəs/- (of people/animals) angry and aggressive in a way that is frightening

               (of weather conditions) very strong in a way that could cause damage  *fierce wind

  1.  to fall in love with
  2.  plain - a large area of flat land
  3.  to praise /preɪz/
  4.  to reach sth
  5.  to rest
  6.  to run a course
  7.  slope - an area of land that is part of a mountain or hill

gentle (slope) – not sharp

(ant.: steep = sharp)

  1.  to stretchto extend

      *Beyond the mountains stretches a vast desert.

  1.  summit - the highest point of sth, especially the top of a mountain
  2.  sunset / at sunset
  3.  tiring - making you feel the need to sleep or rest

      *Shopping can be very tiring.

  1.  urge /ɜːdʒ/ to do sth – a strong desire to do sth
  2.  vegetation - plants in general, especially the plants that are found in a particular area

        *Desert areas have little vegetation.

  1.  to tower above / over sth (phr.v.) - to be much higher or taller than the people / things that are near

      *He towered over his classmates.

Unit 2.4

  1.  to avoid sth / doing sth - to try not to do sth; to keep away

    *She kept avoiding my eyes (= avoided looking at me).

  1.  to borrow sth from sb - to take and use sth that belongs to sb else, and return it to them later
  2.  to cancel - to decide that sth that has been arranged will not now take place
  3.  to complain about / of sth - to say that you are annoyed, unhappy or not satisfied about sb/sth
  4.  embassy - посольство
  5.  to end up (doing sth) - to find yourself in a place or situation that you did not expect to be in

     *I ended up doing all the work myself.

  1.  feedback - advice, criticism or information about how good or useful sb's work is

     *We need both positive and negative feedback from our customers.

  1.  to get into trouble

     *He got into trouble with the police while he was still at school.

  1.  to get on sb’s nerves – to annoy sb

     *That music is starting to get on my nerves.

  1.  to get to know
  2.  to go wrong - to experience problems or difficulties

     *Their relationship started to go wrong when they moved abroad.

  1.  historical – 1) connected with the past; 2) connected with the study of history  *historical research

historic – important in history  *a historic building/day/victory

  1.  pretty – 1) to some extent  *The game was pretty good.

    2) very

  1.  to report sth to sb - to give people information about sth that you have heard, seen, done, etc
  2.  rural /ˈrʊərəl/ – connected with the countryside  *a rural way of life
  3.  to rob sb (of sth) - to steal money or property from a person or place  *to rob a bank

robbery /ˈrɒbəri/ - the crime of stealing money or goods from a bank, shop/store, person, etc, especially using violence or threats

  1.  rubbish - comments, ideas, etc. that you think are stupid or wrong  *Rubbish! You're not fat.
  2.  theft /θeft/ - the crime of stealing sth from a person or place  *car theft

thief /θiːf/ - a person who steals sth from another person or place




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