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задание 2 Для того чтобы правильно выполнить задание 2 необходимо усвоить следующие разделы курса англий

Работа добавлена на сайт samzan.ru: 2015-12-26


Контрольное задание 2

Для того чтобы правильно выполнить задание 2 , необходимо усвоить следующие разделы курса английского языка по рекомендованному учебнику:

1.Видо- временные формы глагола : а) активный залог – формы  Simple ( Present , Past , Future ); формы  Continuous ( Present , Past , Future ) ; особенности перевода пассивных конструкций на русский язык.  

2. Простые неличные формы глагола : Participle I ( Present Participle ) , Participle II ( Past Participle ) в функциях определения и обстоятельства , а также как часть видо- временной формы сказуемого.

 3. Модальные глаголы : а) выражающие возможность : can ( could ), may  и их эквиваленты -  to be able to , to be allowed to ; б) выражающие долженствование : must, его эквиваленты- to have to , to be to , should , ought to.

Образец выполнения упражнений.

Задание 1.

He ... for his help                                               Его поблагодарили за помощь

а)was thanked


Вариант 1

1.  Изучите темы: активный залог- формы Simple , Continuous, Perfect ( Present, Past , Future ); пассивный залог- формы Simple (Present, Past, Future ).Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

The president ... by his wife on his recent tour.

accompanies

was accompanied

accompanied

The picture ... soon by the painter.

will be finished

was finished

finished

They ... to Britain twice.

have been

has been

are

It ... at 12 o’clock yesterday.

is raining

was raining

rained

She ...him long before he left for India.

knew

had known

has known

Изучите тему: простые неличные формы глагола- Participle I, Participle II.

  Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

The ... team slowly left the field.

defeating

defeated

Everyone finds the circus ...

exciting

excited

When she met him he was a ... man.

breaking

broken

Oliver lay ... with mud and dust.

covered

covering

5)  At the moment there walked into the room ... himself with a stick a stout old gentleman.

            a) supporting

             b) supported

3. Изучите тему: модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты.

   Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

...I have your book for a moment?

Might

Must

May

Our teacher ... speak three languages.

can

must

may

Your coat is quite new. You ... buy another one.

mustn’t

needn’t

can’t

I’d like ... play chess.

to have to

to be able to

may

Students ... interrupt their teacher.

cannot

needn’t

mustn’t

4.   Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

Great Britain

Great Britain ( official name – the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is situated on two large islands, the larger of which is Great Britain, the smaller is Ireland. In addition to these two islands Great Britain includes over five hundred small islands.

           The total area of Great Britain is 240,000 sq. km ,its population is over 56 mln people.

In the north –west and west the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea, in the east – by the North Sea, it is separated from France by the English Channel.

The island of Great Britain is divided into two parts: mountainous and lowland.

           There are no very long rivers. The most important rivers are the Thames ( the deepest ) and the Severn (the longest).

Great Britain consists of four main parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Administratively Great Britain is divided into 55 counties. The biggest cities of the country are London, Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool, Manchester, Edinburgh and Cardiff.

Great Britain is a parliamentary monarchy. Officially the head of the state is the Queen ( or the King ). However, the power of the Queen in  Great Britain is not absolute. She acts only on the advice of the ministers and Parliament. Parliament in Great Britain exists since 1265 and is the eldest in the world. It consists of two Houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

Great Britain is a highly-developed industrial country. The main branches of British industry are machine-building, ship-building, metallurgy, electronics, etc.

5.Выпишите и письменно переведите правильные высказывания.

 1.Great Britain( official name – the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is situated on two large islands.

2. In addition to these two islands Great Britain includes over five hundred small islands.

3. The total area of Great Britain is 500,000 sq. km.

4.In the north-west and west the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea, in the east – by the North Sea, it is separated from France by the English Channel.

5. There are no long rivers in Great Britain.

6. Great Britain consists of four main parts: England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland.

7. Administratively Great Britain is divided into 75 counties.

8. Great Britain is a parliamentary monarchy.

9. The capital of Great Britain is Glasgow.

10. Great Britain is a highly – developed industrial country.


Вариант 2

1.Изучите темы: активный залогформы Simple, Continuous, Perfect ( Present, Past, Future); пассивный залог- формы Simple ( Present, Past, Future.)

 Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

1. The devil is not so black as he ....

             a) is painted

 b) was painting

 c) paints

             2. The new building of our University ... to the visitors tomorrow.

a) was shown

b) will be shown

c) showed

3. I ... him for a long time

 a) know

 b) has know

 c) have known

4. He ... a car when we saw him.

 a) is driving

 b) was driving

 c) will be driving

5. The students ... their last exam before holidays began.

 a) passed

 b) pass

 c) had passed

 2. Изучите тему: простые неличные формы глагола- Participle I, Participle II.

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

 1. The third and the largest painting was the last work ... by the artist.

 a) doing

 b) done

2. It seems to be a very ... story.

 a) interesting

 b) interested

3. The circus tent is always filled with ... children.

 a) exciting

 b) excited

4. It was a letter ... by someone in close touch with Celia.

 a) written

 b) writing

5. The servant took us into a large hall ... with flowers and carpets.

 a) decorated

 b) decorating

3.Изучите тему: модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты.

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

 1. ... I come in?

 a) Can  

 b) May

 c) Might

2. We ... not get the medicine and returned home without it.

 a) might

 b) had to

 c) could

3. The boy ... drive my car if he passes his exam.

 a) may

 b) will be allowed to

 c) can

4. My lips were stiff. I ... hardly speak.

 a) could

 b) might

 c) had to

5. Every member of a trade union ... pay a small sum of money.

 a) must

 b) could

 c) might

 4.Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

The United States of America

After its 200th birthday the United States of America still holds the leading position in the western world. What makes the USA the leader is its economic, political and military dominance over other countries.

The United States are situated in the central part of the North American Continent between the two oceans: the Atlantic Ocean to the East and the Pacific Ocean to the West. They border with Canada and Mexico.

The country consists of three separate parts. They are the Hawaiian Islands, Alaska and the rest major part of the USA.

There are many big cities and towns in the USA: New York, San Francisco, Washington, Chicago, Los Angeles are the biggest of them.

The United States of America is a parliamentary republic. The government is divided into three branches: legislative ( the US Congress), executive ( the President and his Administration) and the judicial ( the US Supreme Court).

There are two main political parties in the USA: the Democratic ( symbolized by a “donky”) and the Republican ( its symbol is an “elephant”).

The US President is both head of state and government. He is elected for a four – year term. Presidential elections are held every leap year on the first Tuesday after first Monday in November.

Each of the fifty states of the USA has a constitution patterned after the federal Constitution.

The Presidency means not only a man: means an institution – the “executive” branch of the government.

5.Выпишите и письменно переведите правильные высказывания.

1. The United States of America still holds the leading position in the world.

2. The United States of America are situated in the central part of the North American Continent between the two oceans: the Atlantic Ocean to the East and the Pacific Ocean to the West.

3. The United States of America border with France and Portugal.

4. The country consists of three separate parts : the Hawaiian Islands, Alaska and the rest major part of the USA.

5. The biggest cities of the USA are : Mexico, Lima,Dublin.

6. The United States of America is a parliamentary republic.

7. There are two main political parties in the USA : the Democratic and the Republican.

8. The US President is both head of the state and government.

9. The President is elected for a seven- year term.

10. Each of the fifty states of the USA has a constitution patterned after the federal Constitution.

Вариант 3

Изучите темы : активный залог- формы Simple, Continuous, Perfect ( Present, Past , Future); пассивный залогформы Simple ( Present, Past, Future).

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

 1. At the Customs House I ... to open my suit-case.

 a) asked

 b) was asked

 c) am asking

2. The monitor of the group ... next week.

 a) will be elected

 b) was elected

 c) has been elected

3. They ... since last year.

 a) have been divorced

 b) were divorced

 c) will be divorced

4. I ... slowly down the street when somebody called me.

 a)was walking

 b) am walking

 c) will be walking

5. After she ... she felt better.

 a) had cried

 b) cries

 c) has cried

Изучите тему: простые неличные формы глагола- ParticipleI, ParticipleII.

Выполните тест .Письменно переведите предложения.

 1. I felt suddenly small ...beside those immense walls of stone.

 a) standing

 b)stood

2. Generally ...,the problem is not so easy as it seems to be.

 a) spoken

 b) speaking

3. He stood for a while ... my hands.

 a) holding

 b) held

4. Frankly ... I can’t approve of his behaviour.

 a) speaking

 b) spoken

5. He will certainly come if ...

 a) asked

 b)asking

3. Изучите тему : модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты.

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

 1....I call you Bob?

 a) May

 b) Can

 c) Could

2. Why are you late? You ... to have come at 10 a. m.

 a) were

 b) can

 c) may

3. Don’t make so much noise. We ... wake the baby.

 a) mustn’t

 b) can’t

 c) are to

4. Their son ... stay up late last night to watch the World Cup on TV.

 a) could

 b) was allowed to

 c) had to

5. –I’ve got a terrible headache.

    - You ... take an aspirin.

 a) should

 b) must

 c) can

4. Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

Canada

Canada is the second largest country in the world. It covers the northern part of the North America. Its total area is more than 9 mln sq km. Canada’s only neighbour is the USA. The capital of Canada is Ottawa.

Most of northern Canada has subarctic or arctic climates, with long cold winters lasting 8 to 11 months, short sunny summers, and litle precipitation. In contrast, the populated south has a variety of climotological landscapes.

The total population is about 25 mln people with average population density of 2.8 per sq. km.

English and French are the official languages of Canada and have equal status and equal rights and previleges as to their use in all governmental institutions.

Canada is a federation of 10 provinces and 2 northern territories. The federal Parliament is made up of the House of Commons and the Senate. The leader of the party that wins the largest number of seats in a newly elected House of Commons is asked to form the government.

Canada is a world leader in the production of asbestos, nickel and different other elements, forestry products and takes the first place in the world in the export of minfrals. It exports paper, metals, oil.Agriculture is of major importance to the economy as a whole and is basic in many areas. Canada is among the world’s leading wheat producers and is the second in the export of the wheat.

 5. Выпишите и письменно переведите правильные высказывания.

 1.Canada is the first largest country in the world.

2. Canada covers the northern part of North America and its total area is more than 9 mln sq. km.

3.The capital of Canada is Ottawa.

4.Canada has short warm winters and long summers.

5. English and French are the official languages of Canada and have equal status and equal rights and previleges as to their use in all governmental institutions.

6.Canada is a parliamentary monarchy.

7. The federal Parliament is made up of the House of Commons and the Senate.

8. The leader of the party that wins the largest number of seats in a newly elected House of  Commons is asked to form the government.

9. Canada is a world leader in the production of asbestos , nickel , forestry products and takes the first place in the world in the export of minerals.

10. Canada is among the world’s leading wheat producers and the second in the export of the wheat.


Вариант 4

1. Изучите темы: активный залог- формы Simple , Continuous, Perfect ( Present, Past, Future); пассивный залог- формы Simple ( Present, Past, Future).

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

 1. The novel “War and Peace “ ... by Tolstoy.

 a) writing

 b) was written

 c) is writing

2. The agreement ... at the next meeting.

 a) will be discussed

 b) are discussed

 c) was discussed

3. He ... away for a month.

 a) has been

 b) was

 c) is

4. The family ... a party when the post arrived.

 a) was having

 b) is having

 c) had

5. He rose to fame after he ... the novel “Pickwick Papers”.

 a) has written

 b) writes

 c) had written

. Изучите тему : простые неличные формы глагола- Participle I, Participle II.

  Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

 1. The doctor looked ...

 a) worried

 b) worring

2. He did not even glance at the ... man.

 a) murded

 b) murdering

3. He answered through the ... door.

 a) locked

 b) locking

4. We stood on the bridge in the fog ... for a taxi.

 a) waiting

 b) waited

5. He lay on his bed ... a cigarette.

 a) smoked

 b) smoking

3. Изучите тему: модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты.

   Выполните тест .Письменно переведите предложения.

 1. I have a thorn in my finger. I ... remove it.

 a) can’t

 b) needn’t

 c) may

2. They were so tired that they ... stand on their feet.

 a) might not

 b) couldn’t

 c) mustn’t

3. I have not finished writing my paper, so I’ll ... do it next term.

 a) have to

 b) be allowed to

 c) could

4. On his way he ... cross a narrow wooden bridge over a stream.

 a) was allowed to

 b) had to

 c) could

5. They were told that they ... continue the research work.

 a) were to

 b) could

 c) may

 4.Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

Australia

Australia is lying south- east of Asia, between the Pacific and Indian oceans. It’s the world’s smallest continent which is completely surrounded by ocean expances. Its total area is 7,682,300 sq. km.

The continent Australia is divided into four regions: a low , sandy eastern coastal plain , the eastern highland, the central plain , and the western plateau. Although Australia has a wide diversity of climatic conditions , the climate of Australia is generally warm and dry , with no extreme cold and little frost. It changes from comfortably mild in the sourth to hot in the central part and north.

The total population is about 17 mln people with the average density of about 2 persons per sq. km. Most Australians are of British or Irish ancestry as the country was the British colony. More than 99% of the population speak English.

The capital of Australia is Canberra. Australia has a federal Parliamentary government. The Australian federation was formed from six former British colonies which then became states. The Australian constitution combines the traditions of  British parliamentary monarchy with important elements of the US federal system.

Australia is the world’s largest wool producer and one of the world’s largest wheat exporters. The main sources of foreighn earnings are wool, food and minerals ( such as iron , copper , zinc , plumbum ) which also provide raw materials for home processing industry.

 5. Выпишите и письменно переведите правильные высказывания.

 1. Australia is lying between the Atlantic and Indian oceans.

2. Australia is the world’s smallest continent which is completely surrounded by ocean expances.

3.The continent is divided into four regions : a low, sandy eastern coastal plain , the eastern highland , the central plain and the western plateau.

4.Australia has a wide diversity of climatic conditions , the climate of Australia is generally warm and dry , with no extreme cold and little frost.

5.The total population is about 20 mln people

6. Most Australians are of British or Irish ancestry as the country was the British colony.

7.The capital of Australia is Canberra.

8. The Australian federation was formed from French colonies.

9. The Australian constitution combines the traditions of British parliamentary monarchy with important elements of the US federal system.

10. Australia is the world’s largest wool producer and one of the world’s largest wheat exporters.


Вариант 5

1. Изучите темы : активный залог- формы

Simple , Continuous , Perfect ( Present , Past , Future ); пассивный залог- формы Simple ( Present , Past , Future ).

Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

 1. The music ... by Beethoven.

 a) was composed

 b) composed

 c) composes

2. Many tasty things ... by mother for our party.

 a) made

 b) will be made

 c) makes

3. ... you ever ... to London?

 a) Have been

 b) Had been

 c) Will be

4. The student ... in the library from 3 till 5 yesterday.

 a) was working

 b) is working

 c) woked

5. After she ... the problem thoroughly she wrote a very good article.

 a) has studied

 b) studied

 c) had studied

 

 2.Изучите тему: простые неличные формы глагола – Participle I, Participle II.

 Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

 1. It was an old woman ... glasses.

 a) worn

 b) wearing

2. He shook his head as though ... in wonder and admiration.

 a) lost

 b) loosing

3. If ... tonight the telegram will be delivered early in the morning.

 a) sending

 b) sent

4. ... an orphan at six , he was brought up by a distant relative.

 a) Being

 b) Been

5. ... by appearances he looked like a man whose life was hard and full of sorrows.

 a) Judging

 b) Judged

3. Изучите тему: модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты.

 Выполните тест. Письменно переведите предложения.

 1. The rain had stopped, so we ... take umbrellas.

 a) didn’t have to

 b) could

 c) might

2.”Well, you ... write this exercise at home “, said the teacher.

 a) can  

 b) are to

 c) had to

3. I’m sorry I couldn’t come yesterday. I ... work late .

 a) must

 b) had tо

 c) might

          4. They ... take every Friday off last year.

 a) were allowed to

 b) could

 c) will be able to

5.... I have your pen for a moment?

 a) Might

 b) Must

 c) May

 4.Прочитайте и устно переведите текст.

New Zealand

New Zealand is situated in the southwest Pacific Ocean on two large islands: the North Island and the South Island. Its total area is 268,112 sq. km.

The South Island is significantly more mountainous than the North Island. New Zealand has a temperate, moist ocean climate without marked seasonal variations in temperature or rainfall.

The total population is more than 3.3 mln people with the average population density of about 12 persons per sq. km. About 85% of the population are classified as Europeans. Most of them are of  British descend. New Zealand is the member of British Commonwealth. English is the universal language.

The capital of New Zealand is Wellington. Like the United Kingdom New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy. Officially the head of the state is the British Queen (or the King) whose representative, the governor – general, is appointed for a five – year term. The government of New Zealand is democratic and modeled on that of the United Kingdom.

 5.Выпишите и письменно переведите правильные высказывания.

1.New Zealand is situated in the southwest Pacific Ocean on two large islands: the North Island and the South Island.

2.Its total area is 889,121 sq. km.

3.The South Island is significantly more mountainous than the North Island.

4. New Zealand has a temperate , moist ocean climate without marked seasonal variations in temperature or rainfall.

5. The total population is more than 5.3 mln people.

6. Most of the population are classified as Europeans.

7.New Zealand is the member of British Commonwealth.

8. German is the universal language.

9. The capital of New Zealand is Wellington.

10. Officially the head of the state is the British Queen (or the King) whose representative ,the governor-general, is appointed for a five-year term.




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