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Topicliztion of theoreticl knowledge Originlity of solution of given typicl prgmticprofessionl tsks Correctness of usge of terminology nd lnguge Thesis of the lecture- ll the Germnic.

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Self Study №2 (1 hour)

Theme: Introduction to the general features of the Germanic Languages.

 Specialty: 5B011900- Foreign language: 2 foreign languages

Course: 3

Rating Control: 1

Week: 2-3

Time to pass: February 2014

Form of control: Writing information tables (schemes).

Assessment criteria of Individual Work of Students 

- Volume of done work

- Logical and detailed content and form

- Level of topicalization of theoretical knowledge

- Originality of solution of given typical, pragmatic-professional tasks

- Correctness of usage of terminology and language

Thesis of the lecture:

All the Germanic languages of the past and present have common linguistic features; some of these features are shared by other groups in the IE family, others are specifically Germanic.
The Germanic group acquired their specific distinctive features after the separation of the ancient Germanic tribes from other IE tribes, and prior to their further expansion and disintegration, that is during the period of the PG parent-language. These PG features inherited by the descendant languages, represent the common features of the Germanic group. Other common features developed later, in the course of the individual histories of separate Germanic languages, as a result of similar tendencies arising from PG causes. On the other hand, many Germanic features have been disguised, transformed and even lost in later history.

The peculiar Germanic system of word accentuation is one of the most important distinguishing features of the group; it arose in PG, was fully or partly retained in separate languages and served as one of the major causes for many linguistic changes.
It is known that in ancient IE, prior to the separation of Germanic, there existed two ways of word accentuation: musical pitch and force stress. The position of the stress was free and movable, which means that it could fall on any syllable of the word—a root-morpheme, an affix or an ending — and could be shifted both in form-building and word-building. Both these properties of the word accent were changed in PG.

List of literature:

  1.  Rastorguyeva T.A. A History of English, M.,1973
  2.  Brigit Viney. The History of the English Language. Oxford University Press., 2008
  3.  Ilyish S. History of the English language, L.,1973
  4.  Реформатский А.А. Введение в языкознание, М.,1976
  5.  Иванова И.П., Чахоян Л.П. История английского языка М., 1976
  6.  Залесская Л.Д., Матвеева Д.А. Пособие по истории английского языка М.,1984
  7.  Аракин В.Д. Очерки по истории английского языка М.,1955

Practical tasks:

-prepare a linguistic map of the  territorial extend of the Germanic languages dividing them into East, North and West subgroups and singling out English.)

Test on the theme " Introduction to the general features of the Germanic Languages":

 1. How was Germanic group separated from Indo-European family of languages?

A.  because of Anglo-Saxon conquest.

B.  because of Germanic tribes.

C.  according to Grimm’s and Verner’s law.

D.  because of Celtic settlement

E.  because of Norman conquest

2. The first Indo-European people to settle in Britain were:

  1.  Iberians
  2.  Romans.
  3.  Anglo – Saxons.
  4.  Celtic.
  5.  Alpines.

3 The rise of the Wessex dialect was strengthened by the activity of:                    

A. King Arthur

B. Bede the Venerable

C  King Alfred

D. Hengist and Horsa

E  Vertigern

4. What languages belong to the East Germanic group of languages

  1.  Burgundian.
  2.  English.
  3.  German.
  4.  Gothic.
  5.  Vandalic.

5.  The history of Germanic group begins:

  1.  with the appearance of Common Germanic.
  2.  with the appearance of Yiddish.
  3.  with the appearance of Icelandic.
  4.  with the appearance of Gothic.

E)     with the appearance of Netherlandish

6. Which written monument was written in the Gothic language?

  1.  Franks Casket.
  2.  Ruthwell Cross.
  3.  Beowulf.
  4.  Anglo-Saxon Chronicals.

E)      Codex Argentius.

7. The Gothic Alphabet was created on the basis of:

  1.  the Latin alphabet.
  2.  the Greek alphabet.
  3.  the Italian  alphabet.
  4.  the  Runic  alphabet.
  5.  the  Arabic  alphabet.

E.    Stylistically neutral, bookish, colloquial

8. Words which have parallels in the Indo European languages are;

A.   Proto Germanic words.

B.   Old English words.

C.   Indo European words.

D.   Place names.

E.   Geographical words.

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