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.8 billion rubles. Britin rnks sixth in Russi~s trde with dvnced countries fter Germny Finlnd Jpn Itly nd Frnce.

Работа добавлена на сайт samzan.ru: 2016-03-13




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Предлагаемый материал и требования к выполнению.


  1.  Письменный перевод текстов с английского языка на русский.
  2.  Письменное выполнение грамматических упражнений.


We  can  do  more   business

Russian – British trade and economic links have a long – established history. Britain was one of the first Western nations to sign a trade agreement with the young Soviet republic in 1921, three years before the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two counties.

In subsequent years, our trade and economic links developed fairly unevenly.

Today, the annual turnover of Russian – British trade averages 1.8 billion rubles. Britain ranks sixth in Russias trade with advanced countries, after Germany, Finland, Japan, Italy and France.

Russia traditionally exports to Britain ferrous and non – ferrous metals, oil and petroleum products, chemicals, fertilizers, timber and furs. In 1986, we stepped up sales on the British market of various engineering goods, including Lada cars, machine – tools, press – forging plant, bearings, TV – sets, watches and clockworks.

Russian imports include machines and equipment, mineral raw materials and semi – finished products as well as various finished goods.

Recently, both sides have undertaken important steps to strengthen the contractual legal basis and to create optimal conditions for more fruitful trade.

The Program provides for co – operation in the construction on Russian territory of industrial works on the compensation basis, in the construction, expansion and modernization of industrial projects in Britain and Russia, for the development of industrial co –operation between Russian organizations and enterprises and British companies, and for the further expansion of mutual exchanges in goods and services.

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Marketing is the creative process of satisfying customer needs profitably. What isthe marketing mix? It consists ofthe four Ps: providing the customer with the right Product at the right Price, presented in the most attractive way (Promotion) and available in the easiest way (Place).

What isa product? A product is not just a set of components: it is something customers buy to satisfy a need they have. The image and the design of the product are as important as its specification.

What isprice? The product must be priced so that it competes effectively with rival products in the same market.

What ispromotion? The product is presented to customers through advertising (TV commercials, sales literature, posters, etc.), packaging (design, labels, etc.), publicity, telephone and personal selling.

What istelephone selling? Your staff can call customers, or customers can call the agents to ask for information and sales literature.

What ispersonal selling? Your representatives visit customers: this is the most effective method of promotion, but also the most expensive.

Why are firms becoming more customer – orientated and less production – orientated? Because new products must be created to meet the changing range of customers needs – a firm cant rely on the success of its todays distribution of products. Customers and their needs must come first!

1. Rewrite each of these sentences in reported speech. Start with the words given.

    Example: ‘Why do you like oranges?

                     She asked me why I liked oranges. 

    1.Dont play here. 

       She told …………………….

    2. ‘Im leaving now.

        She said ……………………

    3. ‘Is this book yours?

         She inquired ……………….

    4. ‘What time is it?

         She wanted to know …………

    5. ‘Be quiet and sit down.

         The teacher ordered ……………

    6. ‘Do you smoke?

         She asked ……………………….

    7. ‘People smoke too many cigarettes.

         My mum says …………………….

    8. ‘Have you finished your homework yet?

           My mum wanted to know …………

    9. ‘Will you go to the meeting if he does?

           He required ……………………

   10. ‘Im sorry, I cant do this problem.

          He said …………………………. 

2. Rewrite these statements in reported speech.                                                                                                           

    Example:  ‘Im sorry but I cant come to the party, John said.

                      John said (that) he was sorry but he couldnt come to the 


  1.  He often said, ‘I never smoke.
  2.  ‘Ive lost my English book, John told his teacher.
  3.  Were going to Paris next week, they said.
  4.  She said, ‘I went to London yesterday.
  5.  ‘I will give him my book, he said.
  6.  Weve been waiting for a long time, the woman said.
  7.  Im telephoning from the US, Peter said.
  8.  Helen told me, ‘I dont like oranges. 
  9.  ‘Ive never seen anything like this before, the professor said.
  10.  The teacher told us, ‘Water boils at 100 degrees centigrade.

  1.  Put the verbs into the correct form, the Past Indefinite or Past Continuous.
  2.  I (to write) a letter when you (to come) in.
  3.  He (to have) breakfast when you (to ring) up.
  4.  They (to discuss) the new film when our neighbour (to knock) at the door.
  5.  You (to go) to the institute when I (to meet) you in the street yesterday.
  6.  What (to do) you when your sister (to come) in.
  7.  My father (to read) a newspaper when I (to ring) you up.
  8.  Ben (to play) chess when you (to enter) the room.
  9.  She (to take) a music lesson when your friend (to call) on me.

  1.  Use the words in brackets.

  1.  Kate is (young) than Mary.
  2.  John is the (clever) boy in the class.
  3.  The weather is (dull) today than it was yesterday.
  4.  London is one of the (big) cities in the world.
  5.  My dog is as (good) as yours.
  6.  His dog is (good) than yours.
  7.  Her dog is the (good) of the three.
  8.  This is the (wonderful) and (beautiful) film I have ever seen.

  1.  Translate the sentences into Russian 

  1.  I didnt have to wait for the manager, the secretary signed the papers.
  2.  The advice of professionals should not be ignored.  
  3.  He is to meet us at the station at 5.
  4.  Its too late thats why I should leave.
  5.  You neednt go there today.
  6.  We suggested it several times but he wouldnt agree.
  7.  You may stay here for a couple of days.
  8.  The clerk said the plane was to arrive in two hours.

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