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Тема 1 Составление вопросов Дополните вопрос- Ws firstyer student 5 yers go {~we she ~they ~it} Дополните вопро

Работа добавлена на сайт samzan.ru: 2015-07-10


Английский язык 2012-13 уч. год_ЗАДАНИЯ К ТЕКСТАМ ТИПОВЫЕ

Тема 1. Составление вопросов

Дополните вопрос: Was … a first-year student 5 years ago?{

~we

=she

~they

~it }

Дополните вопрос: Where … our grandmother live?{

~is

~do

=does

~-}

Дополните вопрос: Who … English in your family?{

~study

=studies

~does study

~do study }

Дополните вопрос: Is … in good health?{

~I

~my friends

~her parents

=his grandfather }

Дополните вопрос: Where … you 20 minutes ago?{

~was

~are

=were

~did }

Дополните вопрос: … Victor the only child in the family?{

~Does

=Is

~Do

~Are }

Дополните вопрос: My daughter was a housewife 3 years ago, …{

=wasn’t she?

~didn’t she?

~wasn’t he?

~was she? }

Дополните вопрос: What Institute … she submit an application for admission last year?{

~does

~is

=did

~do}

Дополните вопрос: Peter is in the third form, …?{

~is he

~does he

~doesn’t he

=isn’t he }

Дополните вопрос: … you an office worker or a soldier?{

~Do

~Does

=Are

~-}

Дополните вопрос: At the age of seven she didn’t begin to attend school, …?{

~didn’t she

=did she

~was she

~doesn’t she}

Дополните вопрос: When did you … short-time courses training book-keepers?{

~took

~taken

~takes

=take}

Дополните вопрос: Who … in this room ten minutes ago?{

~is

~were

=was

~did}

Дополните вопрос: Does … dream of becoming a book-keeper?{

~I

~you

=he

~we}

Дополните вопрос: Last year he became a first-year student of this Institute, …?{

=didn’t he

~doesn’t he

~did he

~wasn’t he}

Дополните вопрос: … they on friendly terms with their cousins last summer?{

~Was

=Were

~Did

~Do }

Дополните вопрос: … your sister work?{

=Does

~Do

~Did

~Is}

Дополните вопрос: … his brother study at school or at the Institute?{

~Do

~Is

=Does

~-}

Дополните вопрос: My nephew doesn’t take a post-graduate course, …?{

=does he

~doesn’t he

~does she

~don’t he}

Дополните вопрос: My sister isn’t two years my junior, …?{

~doesn’t she

~does she

~isn’t she

=is she}

Дополните вопрос: What ... happened?{

=has

~did

~were

~was}

Дополните вопрос:..... they going to visit grandmother today?{

=Are

~Who

~Do

~Have}

Дополните вопрос: Could you tell me ....?{

=what the time is

~what is the time

~what time}

Дополните вопрос: Do you know … ?{

=where the Barkley’s Bank is

~where is Barkley’s Bank

~where Barkley’s Bank}

Дополните вопрос: Do you know ... at the next session?{

~who is the speaker

=who the speaker is

~the speaker}

Дополните вопрос:..... does it cost?{

=How much

~What

~Who}

Дополните вопрос:..... is the Vice President’s name?{

=What

~Where

~Who}

Дополните вопрос: … do you take a holiday? – Once a year{

=How often

~Where

~Why}

Дополните вопрос:.... first stepped on the moon?{

=Who

~What

~When}

Дополните вопрос:.... bag are you carrying? – Judy’s{

=Whose

~Who

~What}

Тема 2. Модальные глаголы

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол: One of the advantages of the credit card system is that you … carry cash{

~cannot

=don’t have to

~shouldn’t}

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол: When the prime rate is small, you … borrow money from the bank on the easiest terms{

~must

=may

~ought to}

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол: The credit card system is rather new for this country. Some twenty years ago you … have any credit card{

~can not

~may not

=could not}

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол: When he was young, he … run a mile in less than five minutes{

~can

~may

=was able to}

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол: We … meet him at the station at six o’clock, but he didn’t come{

~had to

~could

=were to}

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол: You … get a Higher Education Diploma if you don’t undertake a project{

~can

=can’t

~may}

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол: You failed your test in English. You … have studied better{

=should

~must

~were to}

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол: You … go to the library. I have many books at home, so you’re welcome{

~must not

=need not

~cannot}

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол: According to the law, everybody … pay taxes{

=has to

~must

~should}

Дополните предложение. You … wear shoes if you enter a mosque{

=are not allowed to…

~don’t have to

~should not}

Дополните предложение. You … drive carefully on a busy road{

=should

~shouldnt

~may}

Дополните предложение. You … change your money before you go to America, because there are a lot of 24 hour banks there{

~should

~have to

=don’t have to}

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол. You …. put your money into deposit account or keep it at home{

=can

~must

~ought to}

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол. You …. pay interest for using the credit card{

~may

~ought

=are to}

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол. This bank is far from here. You…take a bus{

~must

~are to

=should}

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол. …. I help you?{

=Can

~Must

~Ought}

Вставьте пропущенный модальный глагол. Before you set up your own business, you …. accumulate working experience and business contacts{

~have to

~may

=should

Тема 3. Местоимения some, any, no и их производные

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением:He never puts … sugar in his coffee{

=any

~no

~some}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением:These flowers are dying. There has been … rain for several days{

~any

=no

~some}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением:Give me … sugar, please, there is none in my tea{

~any

~no

=some}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением:Have you read … articles about financial resources of our country?{

=any

~no

~some}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением:Are there … illustrations in that book?{

=any

~no

~some}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением:Have you got … money on your account?{

=any

~no

~some}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением:For breakfast Ann has a cup of tea and … sandwiches{

~any

~no

=some}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением:I haven’t a credit card with me, so I cannot buy …{

~nothing

=anything

~something}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением:If … calls while I am out, ask him to wait{

=anybody

~everyone

~something}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением:I cannot find the newspaper …{

~somewhere

=anywhere

~nowhere}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением:They are so lazy. … wants to wash dishes{

=Nobody

~Everybody

~Somebody}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением:There is … at the door. May be it is a postman?{

~nobody

~anybody

=somebody}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением:The institute is still the same. … has changed{

=Nothing

~Everything

~Anything}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением: He took … money and went to the cinema{

~any

~no

=some}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением: Don’t take … books from here, please{

=any

~no

~some}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением: In the evening I often go … with my friends{

~anywhere

~nowhere

=somewhere}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением: I cannot speak … foreign languages{

=any

~no

~some}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением: If … wants to set up a corporation, he should apply for a corporate charter{

~everybody

=anybody

~any}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением: Give me the newspaper, please. I’ve got … time to read{

~no

~any

=some}

Заполните пропуск подходящим местоимением: If you have a credit card, you don’t have to carry … cash{

=any

~no

~some}

Выберите единственно правильный вариант перевода: Please take any magazine you like{

=Возьми любой понравившийся тебе журнал

~Возьми все понравившиеся тебе журналы

~Возьми несколько понравившихся тебе журналов}

Выберите единственно правильный вариант перевода: Bring me some water, please{

=Принеси мне воды, пожалуйста

~Принеси мне побольше воды, пожалуйста

~Принеси мне чего-нибудь попить, пожалуйста}

Выберите единственно правильный вариант перевода: Has anybody got any questions?{

=У кого-нибудь есть какие-нибудь вопросы?

~У всех есть вопросы?

~Ни у кого нет вопросов?}

Выберите единственно правильный вариант перевода: Did anybody come here, when I was at the institute?{

=Кто-нибудь приходил сюда, когда я был в институте?

~Никто не приходил, пока я был в институте?

~Все приходили, когда я был в институте?}

Выберите единственно правильный вариант перевода: Have you spoken with anyone about anything?{

~Вы со всеми о чем-нибудь говорили?

~Вы ни с кем не говорили о чем-либо?

=Вы говорили с кем-нибудь о чем-либо?}

Выберите единственно правильный вариант перевода: None of us is going there today{

~Кто-то из нас сегодня туда пойдет

=Никто из нас не пойдет туда сегодня

~Никто туда сегодня не идет}

Выберите единственно правильный вариант перевода: Nobody was at home, when I returned{

=Никого не было дома, когда я вернулся

~Все были дома, когда я вернулся

~Кто-то был дома, когда я вернулся}

Выберите единственно правильный вариант перевода: Somebody forgot to do the bed{

~Все забыли заправить постель

~Никто не забыл заправить постель

=Кто-то забыл заправить постель}

Выберите единственно правильный вариант перевода: Don’t tell anybody anything{

~Никому не говори этого

=Никому ничего не говори

~Никто ничего не говорит}

Выберите единственно правильный вариант перевода: Nobody knows their address{

=Никто не знает их адреса

~Любой знает их адрес

~Невозможно узнать их адрес}

Выберите единственно правильный вариант перевода: No one wants to prepare home assignment{

=Никто не хочет готовить домашнее задание

~Никого не заставишь готовить домашнее задание

~Все всегда готовят домашнее задание}

Выберите единственно правильный вариант перевода: Where is my checkbook? I’ve left it somewhere{

=Где моя чековая книжка? Я где-то ее оставил

~Где моя чековая книжка? Я всегда где-нибудь ее оставляю

~Где моя чековая книжка? Я нигде ее не оставлял}

Выберите единственно правильный вариант перевода: We didn’t meet anybody in the refectory{

~Мы встретили кого-то в столовой

=Мы никого не встретили в столовой

~Мы встретили всех в столовой}

Тема 4. Степени сравнения прилагательных

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: The prices for travelling tickets in winter are getting …{

~low

=lower

~the lowest}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: One of … advantages of credit cards is that you don’t have to carry cash, even a checkbook{

~big

~bigger

=the biggest}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: New computers can store more information and …{

~fast

=faster

~the fastest}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: Prices have gone up. Things are not as … as they used to be{

=cheap

~cheaper

~the cheapest}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: Investments to the building companies are three and a half times … than during the previous years{

~great

=greater

~the greatest}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: In the USA it’s … to keep the money in the banks, than in Russia{

~profitable

=more profitable

~the most profitable}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: The old method was … effective than the new one{

~little

=less

~the least}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: African oil is much … than Middle Eastern oil{

~light

=lighter

~the lightest}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: Everybody is interested in … possible economic development{

~good

~better

=the best}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: Чем быстрее мы закончим нашу работу, тем скорее мы пойдем домой{

~As soon as we finish our work, we’ll go home

=The quicker we finish our work, the sooner we’ll go home

~If we finish our work earlier, we’ll go home}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: На следующий урок вы должны выучить как можно больше слов{

=For the next lesson you must learn as many words as possible

~For the next lesson you must learn many English words

~For the next lesson you must learn many English words if possible}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: Бензин стал в 2 раза дороже, чем он был в прошлом году{

~Petrol is twice more expensive than it was last year

~Petrol is not so expensive as it was last year

=Petrol is twice as expensive as it was last year}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: В этой стране самый высокий уровень занятости{

=This country has the highest possible level of employment

~This country has higher level of employment

~The employment in this country is very high}

Выберите правильный вариант перевода: Фильм не такой интересный, как книга{

~The film is more interesting than the book

~The book is less interesting than the film

=The film is not as interesting as the book}

Тема 5. Настоящее время

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: The Board of Directors … once a month to discuss current affairs{

~is meeting

=meets

~has been meeting}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: The company … in oil for many years{

=has been trading

~trades

~is trading}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: The Vice President … an important position within the corporation{

=occupies

~is occupying

~has been occupying}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: We … our share of the world’s cosmetics markets at the moment{

~increase

=are increasing

~have been increasing}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: Economically, the country … steadily these past ten years{

~improves

~is improving

=has been improving}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: Every Christmas a company … its customers gifts{

=gives

~is giving

~has been giving}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: Many governments … expenditure on defense at present{

=reduce

~are reducing

~have been reducing}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: Our company regularly … 20% of its turnover in research and development{

=invests

~is investing

~has been investing}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: Capitalism … the free exchange of goods and services in the world market{

=is based upon

~is being based upon

~are based upon}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: How long … for the manager?{

~are you waiting

~do you wait

=have you been waiting}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: Companies … annual reports to inform the public about the previous years activities{

=publish

~are publishing

~have been publishing}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: Internal promotions … usually on the notice board{

=are posted

~are being posted

~is posted}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: During the last few years the plant … hard to increase its industrial output{

~works

=has been working

~is working}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа:

- What are you doing here?

- I … some cheques{

=am cashing

~cash

~cashes}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: The company presently … new ways of expanding its market{

~looks for

=is looking for

~has been looking for}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: There … huge price reductions in many shops during the summer sales{

~is

=are

~have been}

 

Выберите правильный вариант ответа, чтобы дополнить предложение: As a rule, government … certain deductions of taxes to stimulate business activity{

=introduces

~is introducing

~has been introducing}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа: The Director currently … talks in the USA{

~has been having

~has

=is having}

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. Mike’s plane … at night{

~has been arriving

~is arriving

=arrives}

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. The local office of this international company … at 9 o’clock{

=opens

~is opening

~have opened}

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. We … English for 2 years{

~are learning

=have been learning

~learn}

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. It often … in autumn{

=rains

~is raining

~has been raining}

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. He … home at 9 every day{

~is leaving

~has left

=leaves}

Тема 6. Прошедшее время

Выберите правильный вариант: Whenthese documents?{

~you signed

~have you signed

=did you sign}

 

Выберите правильный вариант: Since 1990 both taxes and inflation …{

=have increased

~increased

~has increased}

Выберите правильный вариант: The company … of business when he became the Managing Director{

=went out

~has gone out

~have gone out}

Выберите правильный вариант: “ … Robert at his job place lately? ”{

~Did you see

=Have you seen

~You have seen}

Выберите правильный вариант: Last year the prime rate of the Federal Reserve Bank … 5%{

~were

=was

~has been}

Выберите правильный вариант: George never … on business trips{

~went

~have gone

=has gone}

Выберите правильный вариант: Yesterday the company … its first fall in profits{

=announced

~has announced

~have announced}

Выберите правильный вариант: Unemployment … recently the 2 million mark {

~have reached

~reached

=has reached }

Выберите правильный вариант: I … ever … anyone work so hard in my whole life {

~didn’t … see

=haven’t … seen

~hasn’t … seen }

Выберите правильный вариант: When he … his job he ran into debt {

~have lost

=lost

~has lost }

Выберите правильный вариант: In 2000 Brazilian companies … a lot of money into developing advanced technologies {

=put

~have put

~has put }

Выберите правильный вариант: When Mr.Smith was 30 he finally moved to Paris and … his own business {

=set up

~has set up

~have set up }

Выберите правильный вариант: Two months ago the bank … the house at $100 000 {

=valued

~have valued

~has valued }

Выберите правильный вариант: I … just that we won the export award {

=have heard

~heard

~has heard }

Выберите правильный вариант: I … already a lot about management at the courses {

~learnt

~has learnt

=have learnt }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. While we ... it, our main competitor dropped their prices {

=were promoting

~had promoted

~promoted }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. By Christmas I ... it was time to change my job {

=had decided

~decided

~have been deciding }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. The computer crashed when I ... the new software {

=was loading up

~had loaded up

~loaded up }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. After she ... a few notes, she started writing the introduction to the Annual Report {

=had made

~made

~have made }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. Before Thomas became personal assistant he ... already for the company for 2 years {

=had worked

~worked

~have worked }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. I ... on the project for 2 months before they decided to cancel it {

=had been working

~worked

~have worked }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. I ... about changing my job for some time before I finally decided {

=had been thinking

~have been thinking

~thought }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. George ... on business trip {

~have never been going

~never went

=has gone}

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. I can’t get Tessa on the phone. ... all afternoon {

~I try

~I tried

=I’ve been trying }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. There is a new road to the motorway. ... it yesterday {

~They’d opened

=They opened

~They’ve opened }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. The bank told me last week there was no money in my credit card. ... it all {

~I had spent

=I spent

~I was spending }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. I wanted to buy some jewellery, but I ... my credit card {

=had left

~left

~have left }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. I felt terribly nervous. I ... about it all week {

=had been worrying

~have been worrying

~worried }

Тема 7. Действия в будущем времени

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме: On Monday morning he … to Berlin. Everything is arranged for his trip {

~will fly

=is flying

~is going to fly }

 

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме: The planeat 18.05 {

=leaves

~is leaving

~will leave }

 

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме: When he arrives, he … in Plaza Hotel {

~is staying

~will stay

=stays }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме: I hope the economy of that country … soon {

~recovers

~is recovering

=will recover }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме: He … money in some profitable business. But he still doesn’t know what business to choose {

=is going to invest

~will invest

~invests }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме: The annual meeting of shareholders … next week {

~will hold

~going to be held

=is being held }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме: He … new job. That’s why he buys so many newspapers {

=is going to find

~finds

~will find }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме: I hope the credit system … in our country soon {

=will be introduced

~is introduced

~is introducing }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме: The banka new branch next week. Everything has been arranged for that {

~opens

~will open

=is opening }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме: The local office of this international company … at 9 o’clock {

=opens

~will open

~is opening }

??????? Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме: They … a joint venture, but the details haven’t been discussed yet {

are setting up

will set up

are going to set up }

Вставьте глагол в соответствующей форме. The Board of Directors … tomorrow {

=is meeting

will meet

meets }

Выберите правильный вариант ответа. Sam’s plane … at midnight {

~will arrive

~is going to arrive

=arrives

~would arrive }

Дополните вопрос. What time … for Bristol? {

~will the next bus leave

=does the next bus leave

~is the next bus going to leave}

Выберите правильный вариант ответа. Jack … 14 next year{

=will be

~is going to be

~is

~is to be

Выберите правильный вариант ответа. The plane… on Monday{

~will be flying off

~is flying off

=flies off

~will fly off}

Тема 9. Страдательный залог «Passive Voice»

Заполните пропуск соответствующей формой пассивного залога: Jobswhere society needs them{

~have been created

~were created

=are created

~had been created}

Заполните пропуск соответствующей формой пассивного залога: Certificates of ownership of bonds … from seller to buyer without any formalities{

~was being transferred

~is transferred

=can be transferred

~has been transferred}

Заполните пропуск соответствующей формой пассивного залога: In a few days possibilities … for increasing the number of jobs{

~are studied

~are being studied

~have been studied

=will be studied}

Заполните пропуск соответствующей формой пассивного залога: Two hours later we … by other students of the group{

~have been joined

~will be joined

=were joined}

Заполните пропуск соответствующей формой пассивного залога: Whenby your teacher last?{

~will you be asked

=were you asked

~are you being asked

~are you asked}

Заполните пропуск соответствующей формой пассивного залога: … the last art exhibitionby many people?{

~Is … attended

~Will … be attended

=Was … attended}

Заполните пропуск соответствующей формой пассивного залога: The workby us tomorrow{

=will be finished

~is finished

~has been finished

~is being finished}

Выберите точный вариант перевода предложения: Ann is often asked questions{

~Аня часто задает вопросы

~Аня часто задавала вопросы

=Ане часто задают вопросы

~Ане часто задавали вопросы}

Выберите точный вариант перевода предложения: A liar is believed by nobody{

~Лжец сам никому не верит

=Лжецу никто не верит

~Всякий верит лжецу

~Лжецу никто не поверит}

Выберите точный вариант перевода предложения: He was forgiven his absence{

=Ему простили его отсутствие

~Он простил ему его отсутствие

~Он попросил прощения за свое отсутствие

~Ему не простили его отсутствие}

Выберите точный вариант перевода предложения: Your mistakes must be paid attention to{

=Ты должен обратить внимание на свои ошибки

~Надо обратить внимание на твои ошибки

~Обрати внимание на свои ошибки}

Выберите точный вариант перевода предложения: Weak students must be helped{

~Отстающие студенты нуждаются в помощи

~Помогите отстающим студентам

~Помощь надо было оказать отстающим студентам

=Отстающим студентам надо помогать}

Выберите точный вариант перевода предложения: The conference was proceeded by comprehensive preparation work {

~Ведется всесторонняя подготовительная работа к конференции

=Конференции предшествовала всесторонняя подготовительная работа

~Конференция предшествовала всесторонней подготовительной работе

~За всесторонней подготовительной работой последовала конференция }

Выберите точный вариант перевода предложения: This financial aid was asked for by the Government {

=Правительство попросило о финансовой помощи

~Правительство попросили о финансовой помощи

~Финансовая помощь была оказана правительством

~Правительству оказали финансовую помощь}

Выберите точный вариант перевода предложения: His lectures are always listened to very attentively{

~Он всегда слушает лекции очень внимательно

~Его лекции всегда нужно слушать очень внимательно

~Нужно было внимательно слушать его лекции

=Его лекции всегда слушают очень внимательно}

Выберите точный вариант перевода предложения: Measures should be taken to ensure high reliability of equipment{

~В целях обеспечения высокой надежности оборудования были предприняты (определенные) меры

=Для обеспечения высокой надежности оборудования, необходимо предпринять (определенные) меры

~Высокая надежность оборудования обеспечивалась благодаря принятию (определенных) мер

~При условии принятия (определенных) мер будет обеспечена высокая надежность оборудования}

Заполните пропуск соответствующей формой пассивного залога. General subjects … traditionally …. by the first and the second year students {

=are … studied

~is … studied

~were… studied}

Заполните пропуск соответствующей формой пассивного залога. Our yesterday’s meeting …. by the dean{

=was attended

~has been attended

~is attended}

Заполните пропуск соответствующей формой пассивного залога. The new ads campaign … last year{

~has been launched

=was launched

~is launched}

Выберите точный вариант перевода предложения. Clients of the bank are sent monthly statement{

~Клиенты банка отравляют ежемесячный отчет

~Банк отравляет клиентам ежемесячный отчет

=Клиентам банка отправляется ежемесячный отчет}

Тема 15.Татарстан

Вставьте подходящее по смыслу слово: The republic is … in the Middle Volga region{

=situated

~established

~founded}

Вставьте подходящее по смыслу слово: This country … a lot of oil{

=extracts

~expands

~exists}

Вставьте подходящее по смыслу слово: For cattle breeding we need to grow …{

=grain crops

~fodder crops

~spring wheat}

Вставьте подходящее по смыслу слово: This motor-car works … heavy excavators{

=manufactures

~works out

~extracts}

Вставьте подходящее по смыслу слово: … sales we rank second in the industry{

=In terms of

~In spite of

~In the middle of}

Вставьте подходящее по смыслу слово: Last year earnings were 6% less than this year. So we say that they rose … 6%{

~from

~to

=by}

Вставьте подходящий предлог:The territory of the republic is divided … several economic regions{

~in

=into

~for}

Вставьте подходящий предлог: The local plant which later developed … a production association is among the largest in Tatarstan{

=into

~for

~in}

Вставьте подходящий предлог: Our republic is very rich … oil which made it well-known in the world as a major oil-producing republic{

~of

~at

=in}

Вставьте подходящий предлог: More than 15% of economically active population are engaged … the agricultural sector{

=in

~at

~on}

Вставьте подходящий предлог: 4.5 mln. hectars of land are cultivated which is equal … 67% of the Republic’s territory{

=to

~for

~-}

Вставьте подходящий предлог: … the end of the year the company’s profits rose by10%{

~In

=At

~-}

Вставьте подходящий предлог: Inflation began to level… in the third quarter of the year{

~-

=off

~of}

Дополните предложение. It is a big city with population of 110000 people. The population is mostly ... in industry{

~situated

=engaged

~unemployed}

Дополните предложение. The bank ... its interest rate. This made borrowing easier for individuals{

=reduced

~declined

~increased}

Дополните предложение. Inflation levelled off for a 6 month period and then there was a price rise ... 10%{

~on

=of

~by}

Из данных вариантов подберите синоним к словам: Average earnings grew steadily during this period{

~rose slightly

=increased constantly

~remained constant}

Из данных вариантов подберите синоним к выделенному слову: Sales rose sharply last month{

~gradually

=dramatically

~slightly}

Из данных вариантов подберите синоним к выделенному слову: “Kamaz” is a large capacity lorry{

~track

=truck

~cast}

Из данных вариантов подберите синоним к выделенной фразе. Tatarstan is known as a major oil-producing republic{

~manufacturing

~cultivating

=extracting}

Из данных вариантов подберите синоним к выделенному слову: The country has an overall area of 322 km2 {

~whole

~major

=total}

Тема 17. Кредиты

Вставьте соответствующий предлог: To penetrate … system{

~on

~under

=into}

Вставьте соответствующий предлог: Agreed uponadvance{

~on

=in

~at}

Вставьте соответствующий предлог: to be purchased … credit{

~in

=on

~at}

Вставьте соответствующий предлог: A reportexpenses{

~at

=on

~in}

Вставьте соответствующий предлог: Paymentinstallments{

~on

~with

=in}

Вставьте соответствующий предлог: Dependingyour solvency{

=on

~in

~from}

Выберите правильный перевод слова: Expenses{

~доходы

=расходы

~покупки}

Выберите правильный перевод выражения: To allow credit{

=предоставлять кредит

~получать кредит

~покупать в кредит}

Выберите правильный перевод выражения: Credit card holders{

=владельцы кредитных карт

~кредитная система

~покупатели кредитных карт}

Выберите правильный перевод выражения: Purchases{

=покупки

~доходы

~расходы}

Выберите правильный перевод выражения: Lump sum{

~большая часть суммы

~частями

=вся сумма сразу}

Выберите правильный перевод выражения: Credit rate{

~условия кредита

=кредитная ставка

~обязательства по кредиту}

Выберите правильный перевод выражения: To issue smb. a credit card{

=выдавать кому-либо кредитную карточку

~предоставлять кому-либо кредит

~оплачивать по кредитной карточке}

Подберите синоним к слову: To exhaust{

=to use up

~to spend

~to pay for}

Подберите синоним к слову: To purchase{

=to buy

~to sell

~to render}

Подберите синоним к слову: To render{

=to provide

~to indicate

~to accept}

Вставьте соответствующий предлог: duesuch system

for

to

Вставьте соответствующий предлог: … the basis of information

on

from

at

Подберите синоним к слову: a store

a shop

a café

a filling station

Подберите синоним к слову: latent

open

closed

hidden

Подберите синоним к слову: a core

a bottom

a central part

a top

Тема 18. Деньги, банки

Дополните предложение. If you get more money than you have invested, it means that you …{

~are after profit

=make a profit

~keep money in circulation}

Дополните предложение: When the Federal Reserve Bank announces a change in the prime rate level businessmen have to …{

~regulate financial well-being of the country

~invest chiefly in real estate

=reassess profitability of their business operations}

Дополните предложение. When a bank “buys” money, it …{

=borrows money from other banks

~lends money out to population

~attracts buyers}

Дополните предложение. Any bank seeks to “sell” money …{

~cheaply

~chiefly

=dearly}

Дополните предложение. Every bank is obliged to …{

~shift money of various costs from sphere to sphere of economy

=take out insurance

~cater to individual population centres}

Дополните предложение. Prime rate is looked upon as a … of the country’s financial system{

~so called annual rate

=vital component

~ramified network}

Верно ли данное утверждение: Real estate trade is a quick-paying business{

~верно

=неверно}

Подберите синоним к слову: To reduce{

~increase

~assess

=cut}

Подберите синоним к слову: To promote{

=stimulate

~compensate

~regulate}

Подберите синоним к слову: To make up for{

~stimulate

~circulate

=compensate}

Подберите перевод к слову: In the final analysis{

~в финале

=в конечном счете

~при завершающем анализе}

Дополните предложение. The main purpose of a bank is to lend money out …{

~at a certain interest rate

=at a reduced lending rate

~on the easiest terms for the borrowers}

Дополните предложение. Banks that usually borrow money from the Central bank at a prime rate are {

~local banks

=leading banks

~lending banks}

Тема 20. Предпринимательство

Дополните предложениe: When the owner of a one-person firm fails, it means that he …{

~is fired

~gets into business

=goes out of business}

Дополните предложениe: For anyone who has some trade it is easier to … entrepreneur{

=turn into

~turn down

~set up}

Дополните предложениe: When the government lowers taxes it …{

~respects flourishing business

~runs some promising business

=encourages business}

Дополните предложениe: He earns very little. So he can hardly …{

~afford to work

~work by himself

=make both ends meet}

Дополните предложениe: Jake wants to have a business of his own. He is going …{

~to have some trade

~to work for someone else

=to set up a firm}

Подберите наиболее точное соответствие данному выражению: Knowledge and skills which you acquire during all your life{

=experience

~education

~school background}

Вставьте подходящие предлоги: An entrepreneur takes … responsibility … other people{

~for … on

=on … for

~on … to}

Дополните предложение: They offered her the job, but she … an opportunity{

=turned down

~set up

~turned into}

Дополните предложение: The economy is booming and small businesses …{

=are flourishing

~are going broke

~are making both ends meet}

Дополните предложение: A 10p rise in cigarette prices is not enough …{ smokers to stop

=to encourage

~to borrow

~to expand}

Тема 23. Высшее образование в Великобритании

Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением:Overseas studentson-campus accommodation{

=are provided with

~are provided for

~is guaranteed}

Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением:Usually four students … a flat in the hostel{

~live

~accommodate

=share}

Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением:Part-time students … for one day a week{

~released from work

=are released from work

~get partial support}

Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением:In their final year undergraduates are obliged to undertake …{

=pre-employment experience

~non-credit program

~post-graduate course}

Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением:An American Style credit … system will be soon introduced at our institute{

~accommodation

=accumulation

~application}

Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением:Working hard throughout the course of studies students … knowledge and prepare themselves for their final exam{

~assess

~apply

=accumulate}

Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением:Continuous assessment of knowledge … students to work hard not only for their written exams{

=encourages

~requires

~supports}

Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом:Full-time students in the UK get a grant and apply … some loan{

=for

~from

~to}

Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом:Passes … 5 subjects in GCE are enough to get you to this University{

~for

=in

~on}

Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом:What are the requirements for admission … this institute?{

~for

~in

=to}

Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом:Studies … correspondence usually take longer{

~for

=by

~to}

Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом:What does the amount of grant depend … ?{

~for

~from

=on}

Верно ли данное высказывание: Only first-year students are provided with on-campus accommodation in the UK{

=да

~нет}

Верно ли данное высказывание: Each flat in a hostel may accommodate only one student in the UK{

~да

=нет}

Верно ли данное высказывание: In the final year all students with unsatisfactory marks have to undertake pre-employment experience{

~да

=нет}

Верно ли данное высказывание: A student who completed the 3d course of the university in the UK is called a Bachelor{

=да

~нет}

Верно ли данное высказывание: The head of HEI in the UK is Rector{

~да

=нет}

Тема 26. Безработица

Дополните предложение. A person becomes unemployed when he …{

=is laid off

~retires

~looks for a job}

Дополните предложение: Their services are free. It means that …{

=they charge nothing for their services

~they don’t have to pay for their services

~they don’t require an advance payment}

Дополните предложение. When you start your business you need to have your own clientele and establish …{

~temporary enterprise

~an operating firm

=business connections}

Дополните предложение. “A decline in business activity” means …{

~unemployment

=recession

~expansion of production}

Подберите наиболее точное соответствие выделенному слову (из предлагаемых вариантов). Some employment agencies require a deposit, and you have to pay up THE REMAINDER after you get the job{

~the advance payment

~the deposit

=the rest}

Подберите наиболее точное соответствие выделенному слову (из предлагаемых вариантов). If you try to get a job via private employment agencies you have to pay them A FEE{

~a deposit

=a charge

~in advance}

Подберите наиболее точное соответствие выделенному слову (из предлагаемых вариантов). You may ACQUIRE  experience in doing business while working for somebody else{

=accumulate

~earn

~require}

Подберите наиболее точное соответствие выделенному слову (из предлагаемых вариантов). If a person is at the RETIREMENT AGE it means that …{

~he works somewhere

~he has a vacation

=he doesn’t work because of the age}

Подберите наиболее точное соответствие выделенному слову (из предлагаемых вариантов). JOB-PLACEMENT - this is what employment agencies are busy doing{

~job-hunting

=getting you a job

~looking for a job}

Подберите наиболее точное соответствие ВЫДЕЛЕННОЙ фразе (из предлагаемых вариантов).If employees ARE LAID OFF «WHOLESALE» it means that …{

~they are fired in few number

=they are fired in great number

~they are not fired}

Дополните предложение. Zoe does a bit of freelance photography as a .{

=sideline

~business connection

~vacation}

Дополните предложение. Few businesses ... in the present economic climate{

=prosper

~require

~crave}

Дополните предложение. The shoe factory is the largest ....in this area{

=employer

~employee

~employment}

Подберите наиболее точное соответствие выделенному выражению. She PUTS AT LEAST $30 A WEEK ASIDE for goods{

~she has to pay out $30

~she charges $30 for goods

=she saves up $30}

Подберите наиболее точное соответствие выделенному выражению. The car owners GIRD THEMSELVES FOR rise of petrol-price{

=prepare for

~are laid off

~look for a job}

Тема 27. Реклама

Вставьте пропущенный предлог. Funds are spent … manufacture of goods and this accelerates economic growth{

=on

of

to}

Вставьте пропущенный предлог. … time … time you receive invitations to visit exhibitions{

~Between… and

=From … to

~Either … or}

Вставьте пропущенный предлог. They suggest you to have a look … their new model{

=at

~for

~through}

Вставьте пропущенный предлог. Commercials are very expensive and not all companies can afford … them{

~for

=----

~of}

Вставьте пропущенный предлог. Sometimes producers pay … ad{

~to

----

=for}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову. Another way of advertising is distribution of GIFTS{

=presents

~purchases

~ads}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову. This does not mean that the goods sold at a discount are of INFERIOR quality{

~best

~good

=worse}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову. You got a call from a company with a SUGGESTION that you have a look at their new model{

~request

~saying

=proposal}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову. Your time to test drive a new car is COMPENSATED by a gift{

~paid

~served

=made up for}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову. COMMERCIALS are very expensive and not all companies can afford them{

=television ad

~billboard ad

~newspaper ad}

Вставьте пропущенный предлог. The main task of advertisement is to get people into the shop and make them interested .... what you offer{

=in

~at

~with}

Вставьте пропущенный предлог. The idea is to woo customers to the shop and wait ... them to buy goods at regular prices{

=for

~to

~}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову. Advertising EXPENDITURES in the USA are comparable to the budgets of some countries{

~price

=costs

~goods}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову. Free-of-charge distribution is one type of ADVERTISING{

~selling

=promotion

~producing}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову. To attract customers, some shops organize regular sales at DISCOUNT prices{

=low

~high

~regular}

Тема 28. Оne, ones, one's

Вставьте пропущенное слово: The only items remaining on the agenda were the ... listed in the Journal for 12 April{

~one

=ones

~one's}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: If one wants to encourage private and public investment in Europe ... has to apply for the stability package{

=one

~ones

~one's}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: Every country relies on ... own resources{

~one

~ones

=one's}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: Tokyo-Japan's most serious problem - and the ... that is least discussed - is overpopulation{

=one

~ones

~one's}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: That country cannot satisfy ... own requirements in fact{

~one

~ones

=one's}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: ... this book was famous but nobody reads it today{

~Ones

=Once

~Ot once}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: Equity is the total value of a company, ... all liabilities have been paid{

~ones

~one's

=once}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: Some businessmen think that older workers are more reliable than younger ..{

~one

=ones

~once}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: It's necessary to replace this inefficient equipment with the new ..{

=one

~ones

~once}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: These transactions are similar to the ... we are planning{

=ones

~one's

~once}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: Modern computers are replacing the outdated.{

=ones

~one's

~once}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: ... you have signed the contract, you are obliged to fulfil it{

~Ones

~One's

=Once}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: Everyone must know ... duties{

~ones

=one's

~once}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: For every job created, another … somewhere else will be destroyed{

=one

~ones

~once

~those}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: The problem is still … of managing the resources of a business – material, people and money{

=one

~ones

~once

~those}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: He buys German cars rather than British …{

one

=ones

~once

~those}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: The reasons are basically economic …{

one

=ones

~once

~those}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: At least two new factors are present in greater emphasis - … is the element of time, another that of planning{

=one

~ones

~once

~those}

Вставьте пропущенное слово: For the US the priority remains … of cutting the budget deficit{

=one

~ones

~once

~those}

Тема 29. Функции «it»

Выберите точный перевод выделенных фрагментов: It is said that their company is in fashion business{

~Известно, что

=Говорят, что

~Требуется}

Выберите точный перевод выделенных фрагментов: It is known that the Earth is round{

~говорят, что

=известно, что

~было подсчитано}

Выберите точный перевод выделенных фрагментов: It turns out that he is quite right in his predictions{

~требуется

~известно, что

=кажется}

Выберите точный перевод выделенных фрагментов: It seems that this agreement is profitable{

~Говорят, что

~Бесполезно

=Похоже, что}

Выберите точный перевод выделенных фрагментов: It’s no use producing these commodities, they don’t satisfy customer needs{

~Известно

~Оказывается

=Бесполезно}

Выберите точный перевод выделенных фрагментов: It is planned to continue our negotiations{

=Планируется

~Это запланировано

~Оценивается}

Выберите точный перевод выделенных фрагментов: It is considered that this deal will bring a good profit{

=Считается

~Планируется

~Бесполезно}

Выберите точный перевод выделенных фрагментов: It should be said that in real life such situations don’t occur very often{

=следует сказать, что

~говорят, что

~нужно сказать, что}

Выберите точный перевод выделенных фрагментов: It proved to be impossible to change the situation radically{

~было невозможно

~доказано, что невозможно

=оказалось невозможно}

Выберите точный перевод данного предложения: It is easy to imagine the consequences of this step{

=Легко представить последствия этого шага

~Трудно себе представить последствия этого шага

~Вы можете легко представить последствия этого шага}

Выберите точный перевод данного предложения: I find it difficult to discuss this problem with you{

~Я нахожу трудным обсуждать эту проблему с вами

=Мне трудно обсуждать эту проблему с вами

~Мне так легко решать эту проблему с вами}

Выберите точный перевод данного предложения: It is better to have a written agreement with a manufacturer{

=Лучше иметь письменное соглашение с производителем

~Вам бы лучше иметь письменное соглашение с производителем

~Письменное соглашение с производителем – вот, что вам необходимо иметь}

Выберите точный перевод данного предложения: It is a sad story because people lost their jobs{

=Печально, что люди оказались без работы

~Это интересный случай, потому, что люди оказались без работы

~Это печальная история, потому, что люди остались без работы}

Выберите точный перевод данного предложения: It is important to note that there is no other way out of this situation{

=Важно отметить, что нет другого выхода из этой ситуации

~Должно быть отмечено, что нет другого выхода из этой ситуации

~Тот факт, что нет другого выхода из этой ситуации, очень важен}

Выберите точный перевод данного предложения: It is important that you know this rule{

~Это важно, чтобы вы знали это правило

~Важно знать это правило

=Важно, чтобы вы знали это правило}

Выберите точный перевод данного предложения: It makes no difference what you will think{

~Мне не все равно, что ты подумаешь

~Это важно, что ты подумаешь

=Не важно, что ты подумаешь}

Тема 30. Функции «that»

Какое слово заменено на “those” в следующем предложении. The functions of savings banks differ from those of commercial banks{

~differ

~banks

=functions}

Какое слово заменено на “that” в следующем предложении. The problem of setting up a new enterprise is much more difficult than that of expanding the existing firms{

=problem

~enterprise

~firms}

Какое слово заменено на “that” в следующем предложении. The yield of this crop is three times as great as that of whea{

~three times

~wheat

=yield}

Какое слово заменено на “that” в следующем предложении. Our range of goods is wider than that of our competitors{

~goods

=range of goods

~competitors}

Какое слово заменено на “that” в следующем предложении. The most complex controllable factor is that of promotion{

~complex

=factor

~promotion}

Выберите точный перевод следующего предложения. It is on this square that sports events took place last year{

=Именно на этой площади проходили спортивные соревнования в прошлом году

~Именно спортивные соревнования проходили на этой площади в прошлом году

~В прошлом году на этой площади проходили спортивные соревнования}

Выберите точный перевод следующего предложения. It was last night that they discussed the problem{

~Они обсуждали эту проблему прошлой ночью

~Именно эту проблему они обсуждали прошлой ночью

=Только прошлой ночью они обсуждали эту проблему}

Выберите точный перевод следующего предложения. It was IBM that set the standard for the PC{

~Стандарт для персональных компьютеров был установлен компанией IBM

=Именно компания IBM установила стандарт для персональных компьютеров

~Компания IBM установила именно стандарт для персональных компьютеров}

Выберите точный перевод следующего предложения. It is advertisement that helps attract buyers{

~Реклама помогает привлечь потенциальных покупателей

=Именно реклама помогает привлечь потенциальных покупателей

~Потенциальные покупатели привлекаются рекламой}

Выберите точный перевод следующего предложения. It is these conditions that he needs for testing the devices{

=Ему нужны как раз такие условия для проверки этих устройств

~Именно ему нужны такие условия для проверки этих устройств

~Ему нужны как раз эти приборы для проверки}

Выберите точный перевод следующего предложения. It is this type of computers that is in high demand on the market nowadays{

~Именно сегодня компьютеры пользуются большим спросом

~Сегодня компьютеры пользуются большим спросом

=Как раз такие компьютеры пользуются большим спросом сейчас на рынке}

Выберите точный перевод следующего предложения. It is the radical changes in the company’s strategy that he was in favour of{

~Он выступал за радикальные изменения в стратегии компании

~Именно он выступал за радикальные изменения в стратегии компании

=Он выступал именно за радикальные изменения в стратегии компании}

Выберите точный перевод следующего предложения. It is a current account that the customer gets interests on{

Именно клиент получает проценты по текущему счету

Клиент получает проценты именно по текущему счету

Клиент получает лишь проценты по текущему счету}

Выберите точный перевод следующего предложения. It is securities that are traded on the Stock Exchange{

~На фондовой бирже торгуют ценными бумагами

~Именно на фондовой бирже торгуют ценными бумагами

=На фондовой бирже торгуют именно ценными бумагами}

Заполните пропуск подходящим словом или фразой. … the market is very decentralized in America.{

~That

=The point is that

~So much that}

Заполните пропуск подходящим словом или фразой. Hundreds of thousands were unemployed, and wages of … working were cut{

=those

~that

~this}

Заполните пропуск подходящим словом или фразой. … studying economics must know about the Law of Demand{

=Those

~That}

Заполните пропуск подходящим словом или фразой. … all passengers survived in the crash is miraculous{

~What

~Those

=That}

Тема 31.Функции «what» и «which»

Выберите точный перевод выделенного слова. At WHAT stage is the development of this enterprise?{

~что

~то, что

=на какой}

Выберите точный перевод выделенного слова. The result of WHAT has been done by this month are very important.{

~чего

=того, что

~какой}

Выберите точный перевод выделенного слова. All products have WHAT is traditionally called “Product life cycle”{

~что

=то, что

~какой}

Выберите точный перевод выделенного слова. Marketing research helps to determine WHAT customers need{

=в чем

~какие

~каковы}

Выберите точный перевод выделенного слова. Competitiveness of domestic goods has increased, WHICH affected economic development of the country{

~который

~какой

=что}

Выберите точный перевод выделенного слова. Board members are appointed by the President, WHICH gives them independence from changes in sentiment in the Congress{

~который

~какой

=что}

Выберите точный перевод выделенного слова. The report shows WHAT results have been achieved this month{

~которые

=какие

~что}

Выберите точный перевод выделенного слова. The product must always perform the function for WHICH it is intended{

~для которой

=для какой

~для чего}

Выберите точный перевод выделенного слова. Owners of a business need some accounting information in order that they may understand WHAT the accountant is telling them{

~какой

=что

оторый}

Заполните пропуск подходящим словом или фразой. One has to admit that ... we produced before isn’t profitable now{

~that

=what

~this}

Заполните пропуск подходящим словом или фразой. ... they produce is very profitable{

~Which

=What

~It}

Заполните пропуск подходящим словом или фразой. It is important to know ... needs of consumers are{

~that

=what

~whose}

Заполните пропуск подходящим словом или фразой. One should know ... forms of marketing communication promotion includes{

~that

=what

~it}

Заполните пропуск подходящим словом или фразой. Lots of plants were closed because of the economic crash, ... caused unemployment{

~so that

~who

=which}

Заполните пропуск подходящим словом или фразой. The decision was made to cardinally change monetary policy that is the way to reach the ultimate goal ... means a steady growth of economy{

=which

~what

~this}

Тема 33. Условные предложения

Дополните предложение, выбрав глагол в соответствующей форме. If the government ......... more than it receives through taxation, it can still avoid creating new money itself{

=spends

~spent

~will spend}

Дополните предложение, выбрав глагол в соответствующей форме. If we ......... together we would have saved more money{

~worked

=had worked

~have worked}

Дополните предложение, выбрав глагол в соответствующей форме. If the bank ......... the amount it spends to the amount it collects, then it would create no new money{

~could match

=can match

~could have matched}

Дополните предложение, выбрав глагол в соответствующей форме. If I .........how difficult the job was, I wouldn't have taken it{

=had known

~have know

~knew}

Дополните предложение, выбрав глагол в соответствующей форме. If the government ......... some extra money would you be prepared to create a subsidiary in our country?{

~finds

~would find

=found}

Дополните предложение, выбрав глагол в соответствующей форме. The economy can't develop if the finances ......... in a bad state{

~would be

=are

~were}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант ответа. If the ministers decided to hold an inquiry, we ......... it{

~will welcome

~would have welcomed

=would welcome}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант ответа. If the contract had been fulfilled in time, we ......... commodities long before{

~would receive

~will receive

=would have received}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант ответа. If the government spent more money on medicine, there ......... children's death{

~won't be

=wouldn't be

~wouldn't have been}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант ответа. The recession ......... avoided if the prices hadn't fallen{

~could be

~can be

=could have been}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант ответа. If I lost my job, I ......... back to university{

~went

=would go

~will go}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. If you had asked me I would have lent you my car{

=Если бы ты попросил меня, я бы одолжил тебе свою машину (в прошлом)

~Если ты попросишь меня, я одолжу тебе свою машину

~Если бы ты попросил меня, я бы одолжил тебе свою машину (в настоящем)}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. If I go to university I'll get a better job{

~Если бы я пошел учиться в университете, я бы получил хорошую работу

~Если бы я пошел учится в университет, я бы получил хорошую работу (в прошлом)

=Если я пойду учиться в университет, я получу хорошую работу}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. If your company went bankrupt, what would you do?{

~Если ваша компания разорится, что вы будете делать?

=Если бы ваша компания разорилась, что бы вы сделали?

~Если бы ваша компания разорилась, что бы вы сделали? (в прошлом)}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. If they keep to an agreement, I'll give them the money{

~Если бы они выполнили договор, я бы дал им денег (в настоящем)

~Если бы они выполнили договор, я бы дал им денег (в прошлом)

=Если они выполнят договор, я дам им денег}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. You'll be alright if you take some travellers' cheques{

=У вас будет все хорошо, если вы возьмете с собой дорожные чеки

~У вас бы было все хорошо, если бы вы взяли с собой дорожные чеки

~У вас бы было все хорошо, если бы тогда взяли с собой дорожные чеки}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода: I would have taken them to court if they hadn't paid me what they owed{

=Я бы подал на них в суд, если бы они не заплатили мне то, что должны (в прошлом)

~Я подам на них в суд, если они не заплатят мне то, что должны

~Я бы сейчас подал бы на них в суд, если бы они не заплатили мне то, что должны}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. If you had to live in another country, where would you go?{

~Если вам придется жить в другой стране, куда вы поедете?

=Если вам придется жить в другой стране, куда бы вы поехали? (в настоящем)

~Если бы вам пришлось бы жить в другой стране, куда бы вы поехали? (в прошлом)}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. We might move to Moscow if Peter got the job{

~Мы можем переехать в Москву, если Питер получит работу

=Мы могли бы переехать в Москву, если бы Питер получил работу (в настоящем)

~Мы могли бы переехать в Москву, если бы Питер получил работу (в прошлом)}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. If I knew the answer to that question, I would tell you{

~Если бы я знал ответ на этот вопрос, я бы тебе сказал (в прошлом)

~Если я узнаю ответ на этот вопрос, я скажу тебе

=Если бы я знал ответ на этот вопрос, я бы сказал тебе (в настоящем)}

Дополните предложения, выбрав глагол в соответствующей форме. If we produced more goods we … more profit{

~will make

=would make

~would have made}

Дополните предложения, выбрав глагол в соответствующей форме. If we … in product development we wouldn’t have caught up with our competitors{

=hadn’t been involved

~were not involved

~are not involved}

Дополните предложения, выбрав глагол в соответствующей форме.The firm will deliver the goods in a week if you … the contract now{

~would have signed

~will sign

=sign}

Дополните предложения, выбрав глагол в соответствующей форме.We would provide some extra services for the car if you … the car in our garage{

=bought

~will buy

~had bought}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. You would have achieved your goal if you had worked harder{

=Если бы ты больше работал, ты бы достиг своей цели. (в прошлом)

~Если бы ты больше работал, ты бы достиг своей цели. (в настоящем)

~Ты достигнешь своей цели, если будешь больше работать}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. If a firm carries out a market research it will have more information about prospective customers{

Если фирма проводит исследование рынка, она имеет больше информации о потенциальных клиентах

=Если фирма проведёт исследование рынка, она будет иметь больше информации о потенциальных клиентах

Если бы фирма провела исследование рынка, она бы имела больше информации о потенциальных клиентах}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. If you borrowed some money from the bank you could buy a new car{

=Если бы ты взял деньги в банке, ты бы мог купить новую машину. (в настоящем)

Если ты возьмёшь деньги в банке, ты сможешь купить новую машину

Если бы ты взял деньги в банке, ты бы мог купить новую машину. (в прошлом)}

БЫЛО 21 стало 12

Тема 34. Функции инфинитива

Проанализируйте предложения и выберите то, в котором инфинитив следует переводить глаголом в неопределенной форме вместе с союзом "чтобы"{

~To run a company effectively became the main objective

=To raise funds for its needs an enterprise issues shares

~To get the state subsidies means to raise additional resources}

Проанализируйте предложения и выберите то, при переводе которого следует использовать слово "должен"{

=The company was to increase wages and salaries by the end of the year

~Their duty is to provide the best conditions for the work of energy systems

~The main task for the nearest future was to develop these vast territories}

Проанализируйте предложения и выберите то, при переводе которого следует использовать слово "должен"{

~The ultimate goal of any business is to generate profit

=Funds from the state budget are to be used to finance the construction of this project

~The purpose of the new agreement was to accomplish the work in time}

Подберите правильный перевод данного предложения. What does Russia have to do for this to happen?{

~Что должно случиться в России для этого?

=Что необходимо сделать России, чтобы это случилось?

~Что сделано Россией, чтобы это случилось?}

Проанализируйте предложения и выберите то, в котором инфинитив следует переводить используя слово «который»{

=We will buy the goods at a price to be fixed by special agreement

~This technology is to be introduced next year

~It was done to develop new technology}

Проанализируйте предложения и выберите то, в которых инфинитив следует переводить, используя слово “который”{

=Here is the exercise to be done by the students next time

~He is to come in few minutes

~The economy of our country has a long way to go to catch up the developed countries}

Проанализируйте предложения и выберите то, в которых инфинитив следует переводить, используя слово “чтобы”{

=To make profits they trade with foreign firms

~The contract was to be signed next week

~These are the shares to be sold}

Проанализируйте предложения и выберите то, в котором инфинитив следует переводить, используя слово “должен”{

~To be effective the company made its budget realistic

~She is the best employee to report managers

=This problem is to be solved by the end of the year}

Проанализируйте предложения и выберите то, в которых инфинитив следует переводить, используя слово “который”{

~We improve the quality of goods to be more competitive

~The results of market research are to be taken into consideration immediately

=It was the question to be answered by Sales Manager}

Проанализируйте предложения и выберите то, в котором инфинитив следует переводить, используя слово “должен”{

~This is the best idea to be discussed at the meeting

=The method is to be used in the production

~To achieve this goal the company established strategic priorities}

Проанализируйте предложения и выберите то, в которых инфинитив следует переводить, используя слово “который”{

~To reduce costs they use new technology

=These are the key strategic decisions to make as soon as possible

~The annual meeting of shareholders is to begin at 10 o’clock}

Проанализируйте предложения и выберите то, в которых инфинитив следует переводить, используя слово “чтобы”{

~My children need someone to go to school with

~We are to purchase all the materials necessary for production

=Funds from the state budget were used to finance the realization of this project}

Тема 35. Инфинитив сложном дополнении, в сложном сказуемом

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. Do you want your product to be advertised in this journal?{

=Хотите ли вы, чтобы ваш товар рекламировался в этом журнале?

~Вы хотите рекламировать ваш товар в этом журнале?}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. We WOULD LIKE these documents to be attached to the registration form{

=Мы хотели бы, чтобы эти документы были приложены к регистрационному бланку

~Мы хотели бы приложить эти документы к регистрационному бланку}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. You ARE UNLIKELY to see fast rises in these share prices{

~Вам не понравится наблюдать за быстрым ростом цен на эти акции

=Вряд ли вы увидите быстрый рост цен на эти акции}

Дополните предложение. The director was expected ... present at the meeting

be{

=to be

~have been}

Дополните предложение. Do you want the work ... today?{

~to finish

~finishing

=to be finished}

Дополните предложение. This internal reform is supposed ... the company back on its feet{

=to put

~to be put

~put}

Дополните предложение. I consider these qualities ... the most important for a good manager{

~be

=to be

~were}

Дополните предложение. What makes foreign businessmen ... about discrimination?{

~to speak

=speak

~speaking}

Дополните предложение. They want their business ... much bigger{

=to be

~was

~has been}

Дополните предложение. I would like you ... at some interesting statistics{

~look

=to look

~looked}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. They want their goods to be sold{

~Они хотят продавать свои товары

=Они хотят чтобы их товары были проданы}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. You are likely to discuss the main strategic goal{

=Вы наверняка обсудите главную стратегическую цель

~Вам понравится обсуждение главной стратегической цели}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. The department is expected to keep all the records{

=Ожидается, что отдел будет вести все записи

~Отдел ожидает, что записи будут вестись}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант перевода. We wish the services to be paid by cash{

~Мы хотим оплатить услуги наличными

=Мы хотим, чтобы услуги были оплачены наличными}

Тема 37. Типы коммерческих предприятий

Подберите продолжение к данному предложению. The Chairman of the Board of Directors is …{

~responsible for recruitment and selection of personnel

=in overall control and may not be the head of any one department

~in charge of a department's day-to-day running}

Подберите продолжение к данному предложению: The manager of a department is …{

~responsible for strategic planning and for making decisions

~in overall control of the company

=in charge of department's day-to-day running}

Подберите продолжение к данному предложению: Marketing Department

reports to Sales Manager{

~keeps a record of all payments made and received

=carries out market research}

Подберите продолжение к данному предложению: Personnel Department is …{

~responsible for strategic planning and for making decisions

=responsible for recruitment and selection

~in charge of department's day-to-day running}

Подберите продолжение к данному предложению: Accounting Department …{

~reports to Sales Manager

~advises on corporate regulations

=keeps a record of all payments made and received}

Подберите синонимы к выделенному слову: If you go into business alone, it is called one-person business{

~limited involvement

=sole proprietorship

~leadership}

Подберите синонимы к выделенному слову: Partnership is an association of two or more people to carry on business for profit{

~to run business

=to go into business

~to get down to business}

Подберите синонимы к подчеркнутому слову: The owner’s liability in the sole proprietorship is greater than in any other forms of ownership{

~interest

=responsibility

~profit}

Подберите синонимы к подчеркнутому слову: The company’s manager makes a lot of important decisions concerning hiring and firing employees, distributing duties among them, evaluating the company’s activities{

~profits

~taxes

=responsibilities}

Подберите синоним к подчеркнутому слову: Limited liability is sure to be one of the major advantages of any corporation{

~factors

=benefits

~needs}

Подберите синонимы к выделенному слову: To run a business properly one should hire a professional manager{

=employ

~lay off

~control}

Подберите синонимы к подчеркнутому слову: It is easy to set up a sole proprietorship, as one has only to purchase a license{

~to fix

=to establish

~to introduce}

Заполните пропуск подходящим по смыслу предлогом: Like sole proprietorship, partnership is easy to establish, and its profits are not subject … federal corporation taxes{

=to

~on

~for}

Заполните пропуски подходящими по смыслу предлогами: In corporations investors can limit their personal liability … the amount of money they have invested{

~by

~for

=to}

Заполните пропуски подходящими по смыслу предлогами: The major advantage … corporate form of ownership … sole proprietorship and partnership is limited liability of its owners{

=of…over

~of…from

~for…over}

Заполните пропуск подходящим по смыслу предлогом: Higher interest rates will force small firms go out … business{

~for

~from

=of}

Заполните пропуск подходящим по смыслу предлогом: Corporations are jointly owned by different people who receive shares of stock in exchange … an investment of money in the company{

~of

=for

~by}

Заполните пропуск подходящим по смыслу предлогом: To get down… business one needs to purchase a license{

~in

~for

=to}

Определите, какому из видов коммерческой деятельности соответствует данное утверждение. The owner provides complete control over the business, its loans, capital and policies{

=sole proprietorship

~partnership

~corporation}

Определите, какому из видов коммерческой деятельности соответствует данное утверждение. Having bought a share in business, one risks to lose only the sum of money invested in it{

~sole proprietorship

~partnership

=corporation}

Определите, какому из видов коммерческой деятельности соответствует данное утверждение. The officers supervise daily management, stockholders having the final authority{

~sole proprietorship

~partnership

=corporation}

Определите, какому из видов коммерческой деятельности соответствует данное утверждение. It needs at least two partners each of them providing the capital{

~sole proprietorship

=partnership

~corporation}

Определите, какому из видов коммерческой деятельности соответствует данное утверждение. The owners of this business unit do not directly control its operations{

~sole proprietorship

~partnership

=corporation}

Определите, какому из видов коммерческой деятельности соответствует данное утверждение. It’s a cheap form of business ownership, the purchase of license being the first step for starting it{

=sole proprietorship

~partnership

~corporation}

Определите, какому из видов коммерческой деятельности соответствует данное утверждение. There is unlimited liability of each partner for the debts of the business, that is complete financial responsibility for losses{

~sole proprietorship

=partnership

~corporation}

Подберите продолжение к данному предложению. Research and Development department …{

=creates new products

~works with the factory unit

~brings the firm’s goods and services to the attention of customers}

Подберите продолжение к данному предложению. Legal department …{

=advises on corporate regulations

~organizes quality control

~orders all supplies needed by the firm}

Тема 38. Совместное предприятие

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы дополнить предложение: Two or more companies agreed to work on a project. It means that they have set up.{

~acquisition

=a joint venture

~a takeover}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы дополнить предложение: After the procedure of registration the joint venture can be named as. {

=a juridical person

~legislative body

~an individual}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы дополнить предложение: … is formed by way of annual deductions from the profits of a joint venture.{

~Charitable fund

=Reserve fund

~Authorized fund}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы дополнить предложение: The Board of Directors of a joint venture.{

=sets up the strategy of a company

~determines day-to-day management

~reports to all company departments}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы дополнить предложение: If the company pays out part of money it earns, such company is.{

~tax deductable

~exempt from tax

=subject to a tax}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы дополнить предложение: Some joint venture has broken up or ceased to exist. It means that it has been ... ...{

=dissolved

~established

~repatriated abroad}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы дополнить предложение: Joint venture may open a bank account and conclude agreements and contracts.{

~on its own name

~at its own name

=in its own name}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы дополнить предложение: One of the main features of interest to Russian participant is to ... foreign technology{

=attract

~reject

~сreate}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы дополнить предложение: The foundation documents and the Feasibility Study are needed for the ... procedure{

~retirement

=application

~producing}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы дополнить предложение: The authorized fund may be ... from the profits of a joint venture{

~established

~deducted

=supplemented}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы дополнить предложение: The company decided to ... to the third party court{

~appear

=appeal

~appoint}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы дополнить предложение: He earns about $800 a month after tax and insurance...{

=deductions

~contributions

~constructions}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы дополнить предложение: The ... fund is created to develop production{

~authorized

~reserve

=research and development}

Выберите синоним к выделенному слову: Russian enterprises have the right to SET UP joint ventures with foreign firms on the territory of Russia{

~include

~cover

=establish}

Выберите синоним к выделенному слову: Feasibility study covers the OBJECTIVES of a company{

~accounting records

=goals

~assets}

Выберите синоним к выделенному слову: Joint-stock companies were established with the view to realizing export-import TRANSACTIONS

=deals

~deans

~dealers

Выберите синоним к выделенному слову: Some Russian companies PARTICIPATE in the European projects{

~carry out

~negotiate

=take part}

Выберите синоним к выделенному слову: There are several MAIN features of interest to Russian participants of a joint venture{

~principle

=principal

~political}

Выберите синоним к выделенному слову: Our government is trying to improve the DOMESTIC market{

=national

~overseas

~foreign}

Тема 39. Маркетинг

Закончите предложение. The four controllable factors in marketing are...{

~the consumers opinions and interests, hobbies, favourite sports

~introduction, growth, maturity and decline

=price, product, place and promotion}

Закончите предложение. Industrial goods are…{

=products bought by corporations or institutions

~products bought by individual consumers

~products bought by households}

Закончите предложение. Demand analysis is...{

=determining the needs of prospective customers

~developing techniques / methods for marketing research

~part of market segmentation}

Закончите предложение. The stages of the product life cycle are...{

~product, price, place and promotion

~introduction, production, growth and promotion

=introduction, growth, maturity and decline}

Закончите предложение. "Distribution" means...{

=the movement of goods and services from producers to consumers

~determining the needs of prospective customers

~the satisfaction of customer needs and profitability}

Закончите предложение: An important role of marketing is...{

~to manufacture something and make another person want it

=to find out what the needs of customers are and to undertake necessary actions to satisfy those needs

~to be constantly engaged in product development}

Закончите предложение. The ultimate objective of a business corporation is…{

~to negotiate the sale and purchase

~to supply goods reliably

=to generate profits}

Закончите предложение. In marketing it is customary to organize different marketing sectors into broad groups:{

~product, price, place and promotion

=consumer goods, industrial goods and services

~soft drinks, detergents, pharmaceuticals, electric appliances}

Закончите предложение: The product must always perform the function for which it is intended and...{

=meet quality standards

~cover costs

~supply reliably}

Закончите предложение. Promotion includes  ... ... . {

~product planning, marketing research, pricing

~transporting , storing and selling goods

=advertising, direct mail, customer service, special events}

Подберите синоним к слову: rival{

=competitor

~supplier

~marketer}

Подберите синоним к слову: rapid{

~good

=fast

~quite}

Подберите синоним к слову: wide range{

=multiple choice

~supplies

~overheads}

Подберите синоним к слову: items{

~stages

~levels

=commodities}

Подберите синоним к слову: advantage{

=benefit

~drawback

~feature}

Подберите синоним к слову: to be engaged in{

~to diversify

~to choose

=to be involved in}

Подберите синоним к слову: complex{

~easy

=complicated

~main}

Подберите синоним к слову: delivery{

=supply

~development

~sale}

Подберите синоним к слову: to promote{

~to choose

~to move

=to facilitate}

Подберите синоним к слову: prospective (customer){

=potential

~constant

~necessary}

Подберите синоним к слову: current{

=present

~previous

~modern}

Подберите синоним к слову: diversity{

~demand

=variety

~delivery}

Подберите синоним к слову: to determine (the price){

=to set

~to deliver

~to cost}

Подберите синоним к слову: method{

~supply

=technique

~analyses}

Вставьте пропущенный предлог: In order to win the market the company should be constantly engaged … product development{

=in

~at

~on}

Вставьте пропущенный предлог: If you want to succeed you should be guided … four controllable factors{

~from

=by

~for}

Вставьте пропущенный предлог: Up-market goods are usually sold … a very high price{

~in

~on

=at}

Вставьте пропущенный предлог: Prices … industrial goods are usually decided by large companies{

~at

=for

~in}

Вставьте пропущенный предлог: The length of the product life cycle depends on the extent … which the product is an innovation or a modification{

=to

~in

~at}

Вставьте пропущенный предлог: To be successful the newcomer must have a compelling offer to make the customer switch … his product{

~for

~on

=to}

Тема 40. Менеджмент

Дополните предложение: Personnel manager …{

~directs and controls people effectively

=deals mainly with human activities

~looks at the business objectively as a whole}

Дополните предложение: Top management includes …{

~top management, middle management, operating management

=president, vice-president, general manager

~directing, controlling, staffing, innovating}

Дополните предложение. Management functions include …{

~the ability to direct and control people effectively

~top management, middle management, operating management

=directing, controlling, staffing, innovating}

Дополните предложение. Management levels include …{

=top management, middle management, operating management

~president, vice-president, general manager

~directing, controlling, staffing, innovating}

Дополните предложение. The process of finding the right person for each job is …{

=staffing

~organizing

~firing}

Дополните предложение. A lack of ... leads to misunderstanding between managers and employees{

~foreign language skill

~stamina

=communicative skill}

Дополните предложение. Systematic decision making can be hard work, particularly if you're ... complicated situations{

=dealing with

~planning

~innovating}

Дополните предложение. The ability to generate new ideas and perspectives which lead to the success of the company is …{

=creativity

adaptability

leadership}

Дополните предложение. To make people think that your may is right means to ... them{

=persuade

respect

follow}

Дополните предложение. When you simply can't do all tasks, you may pass some of them to the other people, in other words you. {

~seek new way

=delegate responsibilities

~force your staff}

Дополните предложение. The overall responsibility ... decision making contains some managerial functions{

~of

=for

~to}

Дополните предложение. One of the problems of any specialist is learning how to look ... the business objectively, as a whole{

=at

~for

~out}

Дополните предложение. You have to rely ... information given to you by local businesses and by your local reps{

~for

=on

~with}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову. This report summarizes the results of a survey CARRIED OUT by the consumer magazine{

=implemented

~started

~finished}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову: Companies should hire or APPOINT people especially for this kind of work{

~fire

~communicate

=choose for a position}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову: This new job requires good management ABILITY{

=skill

~effort

~task}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову: Who IS RESPONSIBLE for monitoring the activities of travel agents?{

=is in charge of

~is engaged in

~is busy with}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову: Language AFFECTS negotiating strategy more than cultural considerations{

=influences

~changes

~helps}

Подберите синоним к выделенному слову: A good manager is someone who knows how TO HANDLE staff well{

=to manage

~to control

~to accept}

Дополните предложение: The oldest organizational structure is called…{

~matrix structure

=line structure

~geographical structure}

Дополните предложение: The management function, that refers to monitoring of results is…{

~innovating

~staffing

=controlling}

Дополните предложение: The management function, that refers to finding new approaches to work is…{

=innovating

~staffing

~controlling}

Дополните предложение: The management function, that refers to organizing the process of implementing is called…{

~planning

=organizing

~innovating}

Дополните предложение: The management function, that refers to motivation is called…{

=directing

~controlling

~staffing}

Дополните предложение: The management function, that refers to setting goals is called…{

~organizing

=planning

~directing}

Тема 41. Биржи БЫЛО 29, СТАЛО 28

Подберите синоним к слову: Dealings{

~categories

~regulations

=transactions}

Подберите синоним к слову: Short-fall{

=deficit

~abundance

~investment}

Подберите синоним к слову: Variety{

~personality

=diversity

~security}

Подберите синоним к слову: Overseas{

~domestic

=foreign

~incorporated}

Подберите синоним к слову: To entitle{

~to conduct

~to issue

=to give the right}

Подберите синоним к слову: Commitment{

~spending

=obligation

~opportunity}

Заполните пропуск подходящим по смыслу словом. The process of taking part in a capital market begins with a corporation selling...{

goods

wealth

=stocks}

Заполните пропуск подходящими по смыслу словами. The market value of the ... is about $ 120 billion{

~share index

~borrowers

=securities}

Заполните пропуск подходящими по смыслу словами. As a shareholder you are ... of the company{

=an owner

~an intermediary

~an agent}

Заполните пропуск подходящими по смыслу словами. ... earn a fixed income{

~Ordinary shares

=Preference shares

~Equities}

Заполните пропуск подходящими по смыслу словами. You can also buy ... which are a form of long-term borrowing{

~goods

=bonds

~commitments}

Заполните пропуск подходящими по смыслу словами. Generally a share price ... according to interest rate movements{

~sets

~gets stability

=fluctuates}

Заполните пропуск подходящими по смыслу словами. Some guilts are undated, with no fixed...{

~exchange rate

=redemption date

~circulation date}

Заполните пропуск соответствующим по смыслу словосочетанием. … manage the combined assets of many investors, both large and small{

~Share holders

=Holding company

~Individual investors}

Заполните пропуск соответствующим по смыслу словом. Two prices are always quoted: the … price and the … price{

~listed … issued

=offer … bid

~listed … bid

~offeredissued}

Заполните пропуск соответствующим по смыслу словом. A broker on the NYSE trading floor executes the trade … the customer{

~in the opinion of

=on behalf of

~due to

~for the sake of}

Подберите соответствующее определение к вырaжению: to raise capital{

~to build a city

=to attract funds

~to invest money

~to fail in saving capital}

Подберите соответствующее определение к вырaжению: bear market{

~stocks or shares not bearing fixed interest

=a market with a tendency to fall

~a part of the common stock

~a market with a tendency for rise}

Подберите соответствующее определение к вырaжению: exchange member{

=a person or a security house which trade on an exchange

~specialist responsible for funds entrusted to them

~shareholder}

Подберите соответствующее определение вырaжению: bull market{

=a market with a tendency for rise

~a public building or place where bull are sold

~a market with a tendency to fall

~a shadow market where illegal goods are sold}

Подберите соответствующее определение к вырaжению: blue chips{

~stocks or shares not bearing fixed interest

=shares of secure and successful companies

~ordinary shares

~securities issued by the government}

Подберите соответствующее определение к вырaжению: share index{

~last reported price at which a security was sold

=number indicating how prices of shares have fluctuated

~an offer for sale

~different kinds of investments}

Соответствует ли содержание данного предложения действительности. Stockbroker is a person who only buys shares in companies for other people{

~да

=нет}

Соответствует ли содержание данного предложения действительности. Commodity exchange is the marketplace where listed securities can be traded efficiently{

~да

=нет}

Соответствует ли содержание данного предложения действительности. Market indexes are indicators used to measure and report value changes in representative stock groupings{

=да

~нет}

Соответствует ли содержание данного предложения действительности. Companies should apply for a place on the “Official list” to be admitted to the stock exchange{

=да

~нет}

Соответствует ли содержание данного предложения действительности. Stock exchange usually deals in raw materials and some items of produce{

~да

=нет}

Соответствует ли содержание данного предложения действительности. The Exchange is a business corporation run by a Managing Director{

~да

=нет}

Тема 42. Банки

Выберите подходящее по смыслу словосочетание, чтобы завершить предложение. If a person signs a standing order, the bank .{

~keeps enough money on his account

~issues cheques regularly to him

=sees that his regular bills are paid every month}

Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово или словосочетание, чтобы завершить предложение. Bank customers who need capital are .{

~depositors

~lenders

=borrowers}

Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово или словосочетание, чтобы завершить предложение. When you put money into a bank account, you .{

~accept money

=deposit money

~withdraw money}

Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово или словосочетание, чтобы завершить предложение: British banks dealing mainly with businesses are .{

~savings banks

~commercial banks

=merchant banks}

Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово или словосочетание, чтобы заполнить пропуск. The value of the money of the country compared to that of another is shown by the ... rate{

~interest

~growth

=exchange

Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово или словосочетание, чтобы заполнить пропуск. By using debit or purchases cards customers ... money directly from their bank account to the shop's account{

~withdraw

=transfer

~transform}

Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово или словосочетание, чтобы заполнить пропуск. Having a ... account, a bank customer can issue personal cheques{

~credit

=current

~deposit}

Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово, чтобы заполнить пропуск. Borrowers wish to ... capital{

~allocate

=obtain

~provide}

Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово или словосочетание, чтобы заполнить пропуск. Traveller's cheques are ... by shops in almost every country in the world{

~arranged

~allocated

=accepted}

Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово или словосочетание, чтобы заполнить пропуск. To obtain cash from the bank at which one has an account means ... cash{

~to transfer

~to carry

=to withdraw}

Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово или словосочетание, чтобы заполнить пропуск. Interest rate determines the sum which ... pay to creditors for the use of their money{

~lenders

=borrowers

~depositors}

Выберите подходящее по смыслу слово или словосочетание, чтобы заполнить пропуск. By ... borrowers more than they paid to depositors, bankers made a profit{

~lending

=charging

~paying}

Подберите соответствующий предлог. Credit card-holders can pay ... all their purchases with one cheque{

~out

~-

=for}

Подберите соответствующий предлог. You may ask a bank clerk about the interest you might get ... your money{

=on

~for

~from}

Подберите соответствующий предлог. This bank's charges ... all services are rather high{

~on

=for

~in}

Подберите соответствующий предлог. He would like to change roubles ... dollars{

~on

=for

~to}

Подберите соответствующий предлог. This is a cheque for 100 dollars ... my name{

~on

~to

=in}

Подберите соответствующий предлог. If you don't have a credit card with you, you may pay ... cash{

~for

=by

~out}

Подберите соответствующий предлог. Travellers' cheque can be exchanged ... cash{

~to

~by

=for}

Подберите соответствующий предлог. … a current account a customer can issue cheques{

~For

=With

~To}

Подберите соответствующий предлог. A lot of people have accounts … banks{

~by

~for

=with}

Подберите соответствующий предлог. Commercial banks receive money from savers … current and deposit accounts{

~from

=on

~to}

Подберите синоним к выделенной фразе. One of the functions of a bank is to make loans{

=to lend money

~to borrow money

~to deposit money}

Подберите синоним к выделенной фразе. Any minute you can draw money out from your account{

=take money from your account

~put money into your account

~deposit money in your account}

Подберите синоним к выделенной фразе. If a customer wants to buy something he can issue a cheque{

~cash a cheque

~accept a cheque

=make out a cheque}

Подберите синоним к выделенной фразе. No interest is paid on current accounts{

=checking accounts

~deposit accounts

~loan accounts}

Подберите синоним к выделенной фразе. All I want to do is to make out a cheque{

=to issue a cheque

~to withdraw a cheque

~to sing a cheque}

Подберите синоним к выделенной фразе. It is easier to use cheques to pay for things than to move cash around{

~to pay in cash

=to carry cash

~to be short of cash}

Подберите синоним к выделенной фразе. If you run out of cash you can use a credit card{

=are short of cash

~cash a cheque

~carry cash}

Подберите синоним к выделенной фразе. My friend made interest on savings deposits and set up a sole proprietorship{

~took interest

~put interest

=earned interest}

Тема 43. Бухгалтерский учет

Выберите верное определение предложенного термина. Liquid assets{

=Wealth that can easily be changed into cash

~Property that cannot be easily changed into cash

~Stocks and shares in drinks companies}

Выберите верное определение предложенного термина. To go into liquidation{

~To have a lot of money, especially cash

=To go bankrupt and stop trading

~To be taken over by another company}

Выберите верное определение предложенного термина. Fixed assets{

~Assets which can be used to make immediate payments

~Working capital

=Property, land and equipment which is not normally intended for immediate sale}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы закончить предложение. Most general term for money we receive for our work or investments is .{

=income

~revenue

~earnings}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы закончить предложение: The total annual income of the state from taxes is called .{

~earnings

=revenue

~receipts}

Выберите наиболее точный вариант, чтобы закончить предложение. Increase in wealth is …{

~returns

~revenue

=gains}

Выберите наиболее верный термин к предложенному определению. What, in financial terms, a business hopes to make{

=profit

~margin

~interest}

Выберите наиболее верный термин к предложенному определению. The name for all the property, equipment, investments and money, owned by a company{

=wealth

~assets

~income}

Выберите наиболее верный термин к предложенному определению. The total amount of sales in a year{

~profit

=turnover

~cashflow}

Выберите наиболее верный термин к предложенному определению. The name for everything that a company owes{

~debtors

~creditors

=liabilities}

Выберите наиболее верный термин к предложенному определению. What a company has to prepare every year for presentation to its owners and to the relevant authorities{

~forecast profit

~net sales

=financial statements}

Выберите наиболее верный термин к предложенному определению. Money owed to the government by any company{

~sales costs

~capital costs

=taxes}

Тема 44. Международная торговля

Вставьте наиболее подходящее слово в предложение: An official paper giving permission to take items in or out of the country is known as an import or export .{

~certificate

=licence

~agreement}

Вставьте наиболее подходящее слово в предложение. Customs ... are imposed on imported as well as exported goods{

=duties

~fees

~penalties}

Вставьте наиболее подходящее слово в предложение. As soon as one's luggage is cleared through the ... special stamps are put on it{

~tax department

=customs

~export-import department}

Вставьте наиболее подходящее слово в предложение. To declare a commodity means to name an item, stating its ... and other details{

~cost

=value

~margin}

Вставьте наиболее подходящее слово в предложение. Invoice, bill of lading and ... policy are the main documents necessary for carrying on any export-import transaction{

~security

=insurance

~safety}

Какому слову наиболее точно соответствует данное определение. The people responsible for transporting cargo{

=clearing and forwarding agents

~intermediaries

~stockists}

Какому слову наиболее точно соответствует данное определение. A list of bills of lading covering all the cargo on the vessel{

~a certificate

=a manifest

~a price-list}

Какому слову наиболее точно соответствует данное определение. The form of international trade which is used for long-term contracts and supported with huge credits{

~counterpurchase

~barter

=buyback}

Какому слову наиболее точно соответствует данное определение. A supply of raw materials or finished goods kept for sale by a firm or a shop{

reserves

sources

=stocks}

Какому слову наиболее точно соответствует данное определение. A direct sale of goods in exchange for commodities, with little or no money used in the deal{

~buyback

=barter

~counterpurchase}

Какому слову наиболее точно соответствует данное определение. The government department responsible for collecting taxes on imported goods and making sure that illegal goods are not imported or exported{

~tax ministry

~foreign agency firm

=customs authorities}

Какому слову наиболее точно соответствует данное определение. A person or business that buys things in order to sell them to someone else or helps to arrange business deals for other people{

~clearing agent

=middleman

~merchant}

Вставьте подходящий предлог из предложенных. Nowadays, countries specialize in producing some commodities and exchange them ... those produced by other countries{

~to

=for

~on}

Вставьте подходящий предлог из предложенных. The governments sometimes put restrictions ... imported goods{

~for

~to

=on}

Вставьте подходящий предлог из предложенных. This year we've had a surplus of grain and have a great amount of it ... stock{

=in

~at

~on}

Вставьте подходящий предлог из предложенных

- How are you going to market these goods?

- I'm planning to get in touch with my foreign agent and send goods ... consignment{

~for

~in

=on}

Вставьте подходящий предлог из предложенных. Russia and most East-European countries have a long experience of trading. They have been carrying ... trade in many sectors of economy for decades{

~for

=on

~of}

Вставьте подходящий предлог из предложенных. If you don't agree to the delivery of this make of cars, could we send you something ... equal value?{

=of

~for

~in}

Вставьте подходящий предлог из предложенных. Selling ... middlemen takes a much shorter period, for they know the structure of home market in foreign countries better than producers do{

~by

~with

=through}

Вставьте подходящий предлог из предложенных. It took me about two hours to be cleared ... the customs{

~with

~at

=through}

Вставьте наиболее подходящее слово в предложение. The fragile cargo got damaged during the shipment but the … company covered the loss{

~security

~licensing

=insurance}

Вставьте наиболее подходящее слово в предложение. Profit … is the difference between how much money you get when you sell something and how much it costs you to buy or make it{

~limit

~gains

=margin}

Какому слову наиболее точно соответствует данное определение. The people arranging for the loading and unloading of the goods{

~intermediaries

=clearing and forwarding agents

~foreign agents}

Какому слову наиболее точно соответствует данное определение

A big building where large amounts of goods are stored{

=warehouse

~wholesaler

~stock}

Тема 46. Бессоюзное подчинение

Выберите из трех предложений то, которое содержит бессоюзное присоединение придаточного предложения{

~When money is borrowed, the amount to be repaid next year is measured in units of national currency (pounds of sterling for the UK, for example)

=Money can be used to buy things we wish to consume

~Money is a store of value, for it can be used to make purchases in future}

Выберите из трех предложений то, которое содержит бессоюзное присоединение придаточного предложения{

=The information the economist relied upon was outdated

~It is desirable that as much information as possible about consumer demand should be obtained before planning business strategy

~The number of people who are using the internet is growing, so this is a company with a great future}

Выберите из трех предложений то, которое содержит бессоюзное присоединение придаточного предложения{

~On a pay-day, government is taking that money out of circulation for a while

=There are four methods the government can use to control the money supply

~If at any one time the government wants to borrow a lot of money, it will have to offer a higher rate of interest in order to attract that money}

Выберите из трех предложений то, которое содержит бессоюзное присоединение придаточного предложения{

~The goods bought in this country consisted of traditional export commodities

=The country the goods were exported to was in the tropical climate

~The increased international demand for goods results in greater production and more extensive use of raw materials and labour, which means the growth of domestic employment}

Выберите из трех предложений то, которое содержит бессоюзное присоединение придаточного предложения{

=The output of an agricultural commodity this year depends on decisions the farmer made last year

~There are not enough resources to produce sufficient quantities of commodities to satisfy human needs

~The central economic problem for society is how to reconcile demand for goods and services and the resources which can be allocated for the production of these goods and services}

Выберите из трех предложений то, которое содержит бессоюзное подчинение придаточного предложения{

=Armed with this basic data you are now ready to get the software you need

~There are plenty of things that the authorities must do before serious negotiations can begin

~A peak moment was when the agreement was signed in August}

Выберите из трех предложений то, которое содержит бессоюзное подчинение придаточного предложения{

=This is exactly the kind of product they excel at

~It is impossible for companies hit by fraud to keep it secret

~Quality assurance programs run by manufacturers range from excellent to nonexistent}

Выберите из трех предложений то, которое содержит бессоюзное подчинение придаточного предложения{

=The fact he is against the merger does not rule it out

~The railway strike caused many workers in other trades to be idle

~One-fifth of the population is known to be gardeners}

Выберите из трех предложений то, которое содержит бессоюзное подчинение придаточного предложения{

=You don’t have to talk to everybody in the group you want to poll

~A distrust of projects that are too simple is important

~Optimum planning enables a firm to arrive at the best possible deployment of its resources}

Тема 48 Проверка усвоения лексики нейтрального научного стиля

In law, nuisance is an act that has no legal justification and that interferes with the safety or comfort of other people. Public nuisances, those that are injurious to the community, may be prosecuted as crimes.

Choose the word or phrase that completes the sentence that follows it.

A public nuisance is{

~protective law

=an injurious act

~a legal justification

~a safety precaution}

Waste that has been made useful is said to have been recycled. Empty bottles can be returned and used again. Other things that can be recycled are paper, plastic, and metals. Besides the aesthetic value of recycling, there are many environmental reasons to do so.

Choose the word or phrase that completes the sentence that follows it.

Recycled material is{

~strewn garbage

~common waste materials

~paper, glass, and coffee

=reused waste}

17th century attempts to preserve anatomical specimens brought about modern techniques of embalming, the preservation of the body tissue after death by artificial chemical means. The most common agent used today is formaldehyde, which is infused to replace the body fluids.

Choose the word or phrase that completes the sentence that follows it.

Embalming is{

~death by a chemical means

=the preservation of the body tissue

~a common agent related to formaldehyde

~the replacement of body fluids}

At the age of 19, Galileo has discovered isochronism – the principle in which oscillation of pendulum takes the same time despite changes in amplitude.

Choose the word or phrase that completes the sentence that follows it.

Isochronism is{

=a principle

~an oscillation

~a pendulum

~an amplitude}

The nervous system of an insect is not a simple electrical circuit. When a signal gets to one end of a nerve cell, the cell sprays various molecules out for the next cell to pick up. The central nervous system of grass hoppers, fruit flies, and other insects includes both the brain and the chain of simplier segmental ganglia, or groups of nerve cells.

Choose the word or phrase that completes the sentence that follows it.

Ganglia are{

~nervous system

~electrical circuit

=groups of nerve cells

~the molecules the cells sent out}

Much can be done to halt the process of desertification. For example, an asphalt-like petroleum can be sprayed onto sand dunes, and seeds of trees and shrubs can then be planted. The oil stabilizes the sand and retains moisture, allowing vegetation to become established where the desert had previously taken over.

Choose the word or phrase that completes the sentence that follows it.

Desertification is the{

~spraying of oil onto sand dunes

~planting trees and shrubs

~vegetation becoming  established

=desert taking over a fertile area}

How complicated the preparations for a camping trip are depends on the duration of the trip as well as the isolation of the area in which the camper intends to be. If a camper intends to stay at one of the new commercial campsites, most needs are provided for. However, for outdoor enthusiasts who want to get far from civilization, choosing camping paraphernalia such as tents, sleeping bags, cooking implements, and other supplies should be done with care.

Choose the word or phrase that completes the sentence that follows it.

Paraphernalia is{

=equipment

~food supplies

~sleeping bags

~campsites}

The coyote resembles a medium-sized dog with a pointed face, thick fur, and a black-tipped, bushy tail. Although its main diet consists of rabbit and other rodents, it is considered dangerous to livestock. Consequently, thousands of coyotes are killed yearly. In recent years, nonlethal techniques, those that do not kill coyotes, have been developed to protect sheep and other livestock while allowing the coyote to remain in the wild.

Choose the word or phrase that completes the sentence that follows it.

Nonlethal techniques are those that{

~are dangerous to livestock

~injure thousands of coyotes yearly

~allow livestock to live wild in the world

=are not deadly to wild animals}

At least 50 different weed species fight off competitors by emitting toxins from their roots, seeds, or leaves. These poisons do their work in a variety of ways, such as inhibiting germination of seeds and destroying photosynthesis abilities.

Choose the letter of the word or phrase that completes the sentence that follows it.

Toxins are{

~roots

~leaves

~seeds

=poisons}

While the methods used at other learning institutions are based on the theory that children need a teacher, the Montessori method is based on the theory that a child will learn naturally if placed in an environment rich in learning materials. These materials are suited to children’s abilities and interests, and learning takes place as the child plays. Children following this method are autodidactic, and only when child needs help does the teacher step in.

Choose the word or phrase that completes the sentence that follows it.

Autodidactic is{

~playful

=self-taught

~able to learn

~dependent on teachers}

The much larger hull of the multidecked round ship allowed to carry more supplies, more men, more guns, and more sails, all of which were necessary for long voyages of commerce and discovery.

Choose the word or phrase that completes the sentence that follows it. A hull is{

=storage place

~deck

~kind of sail

~type of commerce}

Vitamin D is called the sunshine vitamin because it is absorbed through bare skin. The body uses it to form strong bones, and therefore, it is essential for growing children. People who are not exposed to the sun can become deficient in vitamin D and may develop the bone disease rickets.

Choose the word or phrase that completes the sentence that follows it.

Deficient is{

~overexposed

~infected

=lacking

~improved}

The horse has played a little-known but very important role in the field of medicine. Horses were injected with toxins of diseases until their blood build up immunities. Then a serum was made from their blood. Serums to fight both diphtheria and tetanus were developed in this way.

The word “serum” is closest in meaning to{

~ointment

=antitoxin

~blood

~acid}

The incorporation of broken-down scarp tires into asphalt to produce a blend suitable for construction of road surfaces is becoming widespread. The resulting material, asphalt-rubber, has several advantages over customary road-building materials. It can be applied in a reduced thickness, and this means that less material has to be mined and transported to the road site. Furthermore, roads constructed with this material require less maintenance than more conventional roads. Another benefit is the abatement of traffic noise, a serious issue in urban areas. Perhaps most important, the reduction and possible eventual elimination of waste tires with all their attendant environmental problems may one day become a reality.

The word “scarp” is closest in meaning to{

=waste

~outdated

~rough

~broken}

The incorporation of broken-down scarp tires into asphalt to produce a blend suitable for construction of road surfaces is becoming widespread. The resulting material, asphalt-rubber, has several advantages over customary road-building materials. It can be applied in a reduced thickness, and this means that less material has to be mined and transported to the road site. Furthermore, roads constructed with this material require less maintenance than more conventional roads. Another benefit is the abatement of traffic noise, a serious issue in urban areas. Perhaps most important, the reduction and possible eventual elimination of waste tires with all their attendant environmental problems may one day become a reality.

The word “elimination” is closest in meaning to{

~revision

~fulfillment

~reduction

=eradication}

The incorporation of broken-down scarp tires into asphalt to produce a blend suitable for construction of road surfaces is becoming widespread. The resulting material, asphalt-rubber, has several advantages over customary road-building materials. It can be applied in a reduced thickness, and this means that less material has to be mined and transported to the road site. Furthermore, roads constructed with this material require less maintenance than more conventional roads. Another benefit is the abatement of traffic noise, a serious issue in urban areas. Perhaps most important, the reduction and possible eventual elimination of waste tires with all their attendant environmental problems may one day become a reality.

In stating “Another benefit is the abatement of traffic noise”, the author means that the traffic noise has{

=subsided

~become beneficial

~become a serious issue

~benefited from the constriction}

Although originally formed to prevent illegal trade in whiskey, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, or “Mounties” as they are informally called, now enforce all federal laws throughout Canada. Their diverse duties also include participating in peacekeeping efforts and supplying expertise in areas like forensics to Canadian and international police forces. About 1,000 members of the force are assigned exclusively to the task of controlling the spread of illicit drugs.

In stating “About 1,000 members of the force are assigned exclusively to the task of controlling the spread of illicit drugs” the author means that these members{

=deal only with work involving drug control

~are excluded from the task force assigned to drug control

~work with those who are assigned to the task of drug control

~are assigned all law enforcement tasks excluding that of drug control}

Astronomers have recently gained new knowledge of the behavior of galaxies. It has been discovered that spiral galaxies sometimes collide with each other. The huge forces created in such a cosmic event can tug long trails of stars and create new ones from compressed gases. After repeated collisions, galaxies may eventually merge, forming a single elliptical shape. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, is on a collision course with the nearby Andromeda Galaxy. Hundreds of millions of years from now, these tow star systems may combine to form one giant configuration.

In stating that “the Milky Way is on a collision course” the author means that{

~the Milky Way is going to crash into our own galaxy

=the Milky Way is heading toward the Andromeda Galaxy

~the Milky Way is the result of an impact that created one giant configuration

~the Milky Way will crash into two star systems in hundreds of millions of years}

Christmas Island, discovered by Captain James Cook on Christmas Eve in 1777, was once populated by a wide variety of bird species. In recent years, at least 18 species of birds – a total of 17 million birds – have been observed to leave or to perish on the island. It is suspected that the cause of the disappearance may be related to a cyclical weather phenomenon in the Pacific that alerts winds, salinity, and ocean currents. These variously repeating conditions have resulted in higher water temperatures, which may have caused the fish and squid that the birds live on to die.

In stating that “the cause of the disappearance may be related to a cyclical weather phenomenon” the author means that the cause is related to{

~hurricanes and cyclones

=recurring climatic conditions

~a succession of environmental patterns

~a combination of wind, salt, and ocean currents}

The historic centers of the American sister cities Savannah, Georgia, and Charleston, South Carolina, have fortunately been saved from demolition or neglect and now attract tourists eager to view the gracious old houses. Of particular interest for the visitor is the exquisite decorative ironwork found throughout the older parts of both cities, especially on porch and stair railings and banisters.

In stating that “The historic centers of the American sister cities… have fortunately been saved from demolition” the author means that the city centers have{

=been kept intact

~remained neglected

~been elegantly restored

~saved the tourist industry}

Differences in the way men and women process language is of special interest to brain researches. It has been known that aphasia – a kind of a speech disorder – is more common in men than in women when left side of the brain is damaged in an accident or after a stroke. However, women are more likely than men to suffer aphasia when the front part of the brain is damaged. This clearly indicates that the brains of men and women are organized differently in the way they process speech.

The word “they” in the passage refers to{

~men

~women

=brains

~researches}

Traditionally, America’s fast-food companies have hired teenagers. While teenagers provide cheap labor, they are sometimes unreliable.  Consequently, fast-food companies often use another source of cheap labor – the elderly. Older people are less likely to skip a day work or quit without giving a notice, but because they have not been brought up with computers, they view the high-tech fast-food counter with terror. Training centers have opened in order to teach “mature workers” how to operate computerized cash registers. These students are put into classrooms with their peers and, since mental arithmetic is a thing of the past, are taught how to use a calculator.

The phrase “These students” in the passage refers to{

~teenagers

~fast-food employers

=the elderly

~peers}

Complete the sentence by choosing the phrase or clause that would most likely to complete it

Children dress up in witches’ hats or ghost costumes to play pranks when celebrating the fun October holiday of Halloween. In contrast,{

~Thanksgiving is a traditional holiday

~Thanksgiving is always celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November

=families dress more formally and set elegant tables for the more serious occasion of Thanksgiving

~children enjoy Thanksgiving}

Complete the sentence by choosing the phrase or clause that would most likely to complete it

Everything from chairs and fishing poles to rope and paper can be made from bamboo. Equally important,{

~this giant grass grows in warm climates

~fresh spring bamboo shoots take longer to cook than winter ones

=a variety of food can be made from this giant grass

~preserved bamboo shoots can be used in soups instead of fresh ones}

Complete the sentence by choosing the phrase or clause that would most likely to complete it

Glass was precious to Egyptians, who used it interchangeably with gemstones, but{

~it is over 4,000 years old

~its novelty as an artist’s material prevents its being taken seriously

~today it has come out of factories and into the workshops

=today it is so commonplace that it is seldom given a second thought}

2 часть экзамена - ТЕКСТЫ

1. Even in a bad economy, one truth about marketing stands: you have to spend more to make more. When business drops off, many entrepreneurs listen to their accountant's advice and cut back on advertising and promotion. That's the worst thing you can do. When times get tough, your job is to promote more, not less.

Promotion is a six-week cycle. That means if the company promotes today, business increases six weeks later. Many businesses violate the six-week cycle. They promote for, say, four weeks, and because nothing happens, they stop. Two weeks later, there's a sudden increase in business. For four weeks, business remains strong. Then, just as suddenly, business drops off, because six weeks earlier, the entrepreneur had stopped promoting.

It is very important to never stop promoting: promote whether the economy is strong or weak; promote even when you may not have the money. If you have no money, stand on a street corner at lunchtime with a sign hanging around your neck promoting your product or service. Not only will you meet new customers, but you might also save money on lunch, lose some weight and get a suntan.

Obviously, it takes more than just promotion to do well. To be successful, a business also requires strong fundamentals and a desirable product or service. During tough economic times, though, even some good businesses fail; some businesses shrink and others grow. When a business closes, its customers migrate to the business that fights hard and stays open. Businesses that promote while others cut their ad budgets have a better chance of getting bigger even if the economy is shrinking.

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение «Promotion is a vital element of a business at any time»:{

=Истинным

~Ложным

~В тексте нет информации}

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение « A company should cut back on advertising when business drops off»:{

~Истинным

=Ложным

~В тексте нет информации }

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение « Advertising will increase company’s profit »:{

~Истинным

~Ложным

=В тексте нет информации }

  1.  Укажите, какому из абзацев текста (1,2,3,4) соответствует следующая идея:

Businesses should always be engaged in promotion{

=3

~1

~4

~2}

  1.  Укажите, какому из абзацев текста (1,2,3,4) соответствует следующая идея:

The way the promotion cycle is organized{

=2

~1

~4

~3}

  1.  Ответьте на вопрос: Why should companies never stop promotion?{

=It gives them a chance to have the place in the market

~They will have a desirable product

~They will have loyal customers

~It will bring them profit}

  1.  Определите основную идею текста.{

~When the economy is shriking there should be no advertising

~Promotion has a six-week cycle

~If you have a good business there is no need to promote it

=Promotion and advertising is an essential element of any business}

2. All too often, day-to-day responsibilities get in the way of making a business more successful. In today’s highly competitive, ever-changing world market, small to midsize manufacturers that want to continue their success need to do more than just build a product and hope people will come. They need to utilize advanced technologies and good business practices, such as market assessments. Manufacturers need to revaluate their marketing efforts, groom customer lists, and revisit old customers to see about new projects.

Manufacturers Resource Center, a nonprofit organization created to help small and midsize manufacturers grow and remain competitive, recommends an independent market assessment. According to MRC, a market assessment is not just for challenging times; manufacturers should look at doing an assessment on a frequent and ongoing basis to open their eyes to opportunities for growth.

MRC, which is affiliated with Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, conducts its research in three segments. They interview management team members independently about the company’s core competencies, strengths, and weaknesses, in many cases learning what one team member would never share with another. The consultants then interview trusted advisors such as the corporate lawyer or accountant or even family members who influence corporate decisions. In the second segment, the consultants interview the manufacturers’ current customers, former customers, and customers it wants to secure. The third segment focuses on secondary database research.

With this information, the MRC consultants look for common points of alignment, for opportunities that match up with the manufacturer’s core competencies. Then the consultants provide recommendations to help the manufacturers discover new opportunities, in new markets, sales distribution, and existing or new product lines. An outside, third-party assessment can quickly pay for itself by helping manufacturers keep to a successful path.

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение « Manufactures must use market assessments if they wish to continue their success»:{

=Истинным

~Ложным

~В тексте нет информации} 

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение «Manufacturers Resource Center, a business organization created to help small and midsize producers to flourish, recommends an independent market assessment»:{

 ~Истинным

=Ложным

~В тексте нет информации} 

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение « The consultants undertake polling world-wide to provide the manufactures with the information concerning domestic and overseas customers’ opinions, needs and interests»:{

~Истинным

~Ложным

=В тексте нет информации }

  1.  Укажите, какому из абзацев текста (1,2,3,4) соответствует следующая идея: MRC helps companies to discover new markets and new product lines. {

~3

 ~1

=4

 ~2}

  1.  Укажите, какому из абзацев текста (1,2,3,4) соответствует следующая идея:

MRC is associated with one of the Higher Educational Istitutions in Pensilvania{

 ~2

 ~1

 ~4

=3}

  1.  Ответьте на вопрос: What is the aim of MRC?{

~To help the manufacturers to split profits

~To provide the government with the information on financial affairs of the small and midsize businesses

=To help manufactures to understand the importance of market assessment

~To help manufacturers to set new products lines}

  1.  Определите основную идею текста.{

~There are three basic issues of the marketing research

=Every manufacturer must understand the importance of making ongoing market assessment

~The MRC consultants undertake new projects

~In this fast changing world manufactures want to continue their success}

3. Brand is a collection of images and ideas that represents a business. When we see a logo, slogan or design and we know immediately what the product is, then the branding is successful. The slogan should be short, a maximum of six words, and easy to understand. We instantly associate the product with ideas such as quality, reliability or performance.

Companies have to identify the qualities associated with their product. They find a name linked to the identity and design a logo and slogan. Packaging is extremely important for communicating brand identity and they must create a marketing strategy and advertisements.

In many cases a brand is the same as a manufacturer, for example GAP or L’OREAL. In other cases the brand is the name of a product e.g. Crest – not a manufacturer. The first case allows the company to promote different products. Some companies, such as Coca Cola or Mc Donald’s, have an international brand, built up over many years. Their message is the same for every product and in every market around the world.

Most branded goods are expensive, so stores’ own brand goods can compete by offering a lower price. Smaller firms make clones of branded products such as computers and clothes. And there is an illegal global trade in pirated copies of branded goods such as DVDs. Negative information about a company, such as unethical behavior, can have a devastating impact on the brand.

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение « If we can immediately define the product according to the logo,slogan or design, then the branding is successful»:{

=Истинным

~Ложным

~В тексте нет информации }

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение « When a brand is widely known it has “brand recognition” and ”brand equity”, which is its financial value»:{

~Истинным

~Ложным

=В тексте нет информации} 

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение « Packaging is not connected with brand identify»:{

~Истинным

=Ложным

~В тексте нет информации}

  1.  Укажите, какому из абзацев текста (1,2,3,4) соответствует следующая информация: Ways to establish brand name {

~3

 ~1

 ~4

=2}

  1.  Укажите, какому из абзацев текста (1,2,3,4) соответствует следующая идея:

Branded goods and their clones{

 ~2

 ~1

=4

 ~3}

  1.  Ответьте на вопрос: what is the product usually associated with?{

~Packaging and advertisement

=Quality,reliability and performance

~A manufacturer

 ~A consumer}

  1.  Определите основную идею текста.{

~Nowadays an illegal trade in pirated copies of branded goods is increasing rapidly

=Different sorts of branding and the best way to brand

~Marketing strategy and advertisement of products

~The most successful brand names}

4. 1998 was undoubtedly the year of the merger. More companies than ever before joined together in deals that totaled $2.25 trillion and created the world's largest ever bank and the world's biggest oil company. Faced with plummeting oil prices, oil giants Exxon and Mobil sought to achieve economies of scale through a $250bn merger.

There are several factors behind the increase in mergers and acquisitions. Firstly, the accelerated rate of globalisation has left companies desperately seeking overseas acquisitions in order to remain competitive. Another factor behind the increase in merger activity is the record performance of stock markets, which has enabled companies to finance major acquisitions on the strength of their inflated share prices.

Not all mergers, however, are the result of global economic trends, political change or technological innovation. BMW's takeover of the Rover Group injected much needed investment into the struggling UK car manufacturer whilst extending BMW's product range. And when the UK pharmaceutical firm Zeneca merged with Swedish drug company Astra, the new company started life with strong combined R&D capabilities, further strengthened by the world's best selling drug Losec in its portfolio of products.

Despite all these potential benefits and their promise of competitive advantage, mergers and acquisitions are not risk-free ventures. Such alliances are more than just financial agreements; they also involve the coming together of different corporate and, in many cases, national cultures. This can have a destabilising effect on a workforce and may mean projected efficiencies are not delivered. A further destabilising effect is the prospect of redundancies.

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение « Globalisation is the only factor behind the increase in mergers and acquisitions»:{

~Истинным

=Ложным

~В тексте нет информации} 

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение « The biggest bank and the largest oil company were created as a result of merger»:{

=Истинным

~Ложным

~В тексте нет информации} 

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение « the merger of Zeneca and Astra made the company the world’s market leader»:{

~Истинным

~Ложным

 =В тексте нет информации }

  1.  Укажите, какому из абзацев текста (1,2,3,4) соответствует следующая информация: Global trends have strong effect on mergers and acquisitions{

~3

 ~1

 ~4

=2}

  1.  Укажите, какому из абзацев текста (1,2,3,4) соответствует следующая идея:

The company may merge with another one to increase its product range{

 ~2

 ~1

 ~4

=3}

  1.  Ответьте на вопрос: what is the potential destabilising effect of a merger?{

~Bad performance of the stock market

 ~Decreased competitiveness

 ~Economy of scale

=Problems with corporate and national cultures and redundancies}

  1.  Определите основную идею текста.{

~In most cases mergers and takeovers are initiated by changes inside the company

~The largest takeovers and mergers of the 20th century

=Mergers and takeovers are contradictory phenomena with their pros and cons

~Mergers and takeovers are the result of global economic trends , political change or technological innovation}

5. Many businesses as well as political organizations are international, that is to say their activities cover several countries, rather than just one. International business organizations which operate in many countries are called ‘multinationals’. A multinational is a parent company with branches or subsidiaries in several countries. It arranges its production, finance and commercial operations in an international way. For example, multinationals can switch production or new projects away from one country which has strong trade unions and a bad history of industrial relations, to another country in which they operate and which may have weaker trade unions.

The operations of multinationals are often harmful to the economic independence of countries in which they have subsidiaries. Some of them are very large, especially in the oil and motor-car industries. Moreover, their activities are very difficult to control and can cause great economic problems to economies which, in some cases, they dominate. They do, however, have vast financial resources and are able to achieve the economies of large-scale production.

Multinationals are a relatively recent phenomenon, and so are international political and economic organizations. In fact, they really began with the end of the Second World War. In 1944 the representatives of many nations gathered to consider solutions to the economic problems which had existed before the war – unstable and limited international trade. The meeting, the Bretton Woods Conference, led to the creation of the International Monetary Fund. The object was to achieve international economic stability, international monetary cooperation, the stabilization of exchange rates and the expansion of world trade.

The IMF operates by lending funds to member countries which have balance of payments difficulties so that they can stabilize their exchange rates. Each of its members pays into a fund in proportion to the importance of international trade in its economy. Members can borrow from the fund. However, there is a limit to the size of the loan and the period of time in which the loans, dictating the way in which the country should attempt to manage its economy.

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение « The operations of multinationals always cause positive economic effects»:{

~Истинным

=Ложным

~В тексте нет информации} 

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение « To abolish trade restrictions IMF member states from groups on regional basis»:{

~Истинным

~Ложным

=В тексте нет информации }

  1.  Определите, является ли утверждение « “Multinationals” are international business organizations which activities are carried out in many countries »:{

=Истинным

~Ложным

~В тексте нет информации }

  1.  Укажите, какому из абзацев текста (1,2,3,4) соответствует следующая идея:

Unstable and limited international trade was the reason of the Intern