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РЕФЕРАТ дисертації на здобуття наукового ступеня кандидата історичних наук Львів Дисерта.html

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Kutsyy Ivan. The reception of the National History in the Ukrainian Scientific Historical Idea of Galicia (1830-es – 1894). Manuscript.

Dissertation for the degree of Candidate of History, speciality 07.00.06 — historiography, investigation of sources and special historical disciplines. Lviv National Ivan Franko University. Lviv, 2004.

In this dissertation the peculiarities of reception and interpretation of the national history in the synthetic-generalizing monographs by Ukrainian historians of Galicia in 1830-es –1894 were investigated, as well as the influence of these scientific historical interpretations on the process of national self identification of the Galician Ukrainians. The main conceptions, theories and schemes of national history were described and also the leading tendencies of the development of the Galician historiography during that period of time were indicated. The contribution of the outstanding scientists of Galicia to the conception of the idea of national history was discussed. The main ways of interconnection and mutual influence of the processes of formation of the historical conceptions and creation of national identity of the Galician Rusyns were found. The potential of the Galician historical science for creation of nation was generalized. The main stages of formation of the conceptions of national history in Galicia were characterized. The main causes and sources that determinated the process of formation of the conceptions of national history were elucidated.

National political convictions and scientific historical views of the Galician scientists were interconnected. During the first half of the XIX century they “found” their national identity as Rusyns getting acquainted with history. Later the national orientations and belonging to this or that party determinated the way of interpretation of the national history. National ideological programs of the Galician Rusophils and Ukrainophils were the ideological platform for the corresponding scientific historical trends.

The contributions of the historiographical trends of Rusophils and Ukrainophils to the formation of the historical consciuosness and national identity of the Galicians were equal. The Rusophils considered the Galician Rusyns (the Ukrainians) and the Russians being parts of the unique “obshcherus’ka” nation. The conception of national history of Rusophils viewed the historical process on the whole East-Slavonic space including the Moscow state. The scientists-Rusophils considered the period of Kyivan Rus’being “golden age” of the national history. They were not very much interested in other historical periods or epochs. They stated that the historical and state traditions of the Ancient Rus’had its continuation in Galician-Volyn’and Volodymyr-Suzdal’ principalities.

According to the historical conception of Rusophils since XIV century the only exponent and heir of the historical and state traditions of the Ancient Rus’became the Moscow state, and later the Russian Empire. The historians-Rusophils were not interested in Cossacks. The order of Cossacks’state contradicted the social political ideal of the Rusophils.

The main conceptual platform of the historiographical trend of the Ukrainophils was the idea of Malorus’ka (Ukrainian) national separate group. Historians Ukrainophils considered Rusyns Ukrainians and the Russians as two quite different peoples with different historical experience. The historians belonging to this trend were not interested in Kyivan Rus’. The state and social order of the Ancient Rus’ contradicted the democratic ideals of the Ukrainophils. “The golden age” for them was the epoch of Cossacks. In the conception of the Ukrainophils the successor of tradition of Kyivan Rus’became only Galician-Volyn’ state, and later the Cossacks.

Two main conceptions of the national history in Galician scientific-historical idea (the conceptions of Rusophilism and Ukrainophilism) resulting from cross influence and mutual addition caused the awareness of the Ukrainian national identity, assertion of the historical consciousness of the Galician Rusyns and formation of the integral conception of national history of Rus’.

The experience of the process of national creation during the investigated period illustrates the possibility of the scientific-theoretical motivation of the historical legitimacy of several variants of national identity simultaneously (in our case the variants of Rusophils and Ukrainophils) on the basis of the same historical material. It also proves unsuccess of those national projects (the Austrorusynism and Polonophilism) political background of which were not based on the proper scientific-historical argumentation and the representatives of which couldn’t prove “the anciency” of their own national state tradition.

Key words: scientific historical idea, historiographical process, national history, historical tradition, scientific trend, ukrainophilism, rusophilism, historical conception.


Підписано до друку 15.03.2004. Формат 60
90/16.

Папір офсетний. Друк на різографі. Гарнітура Times New Roman Cyr.

0,9 обл.-вид. арк. 1,25 ум. др. арк. Наклад 100.

Замовлення № 48.

Видавництво “Горлиця”.

, м. Тернопіль, вул. Кн. Острозького, 32. Тел. 8-(0352)-43-00-12.




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