Будь умным!


У вас вопросы?
У нас ответы:) SamZan.ru

Методические рекомендации для практических семинарских лабораторных занятий Тема- Циркуляция крови

Работа добавлена на сайт samzan.ru: 2016-03-30


Ф КГМУ 4/3-06/02

ИП №6 от 14 июня 2007 г.

Карагандинский государственный медицинский университет

Кафедра иностранных языков

     

Методические рекомендации для (практических, семинарских, лабораторных) занятий

Тема: Циркуляция крови

The Present Perfect Tense. Active Voice.

Дисциплина Иностранный язык

Специальность: 5В110200– «Общественное здравоохранение»

Курс: I Уровень А

Составители: Сарбасова А.Т.

Караганда 2013г.

Обсуждены и утверждены

на заседании кафедры иностранных языков

Протокол №    от  2013г.

зав. кафедрой _______ Бурмистрова В.А.

Тема: Циркуляция крови

Грамматика: The Present Perfect Tense Active Voice.

Цель: Овладение лексико-грамматическим материалом темы.

Задачи обучения: 

  1.  Овладеть лексическим минимумом по теме: Циркуляция крови
  2.   Научить студентов употреблять новые слова в устной и письменной речи

           3. Грамматика. The Present Perfect Tense Active Voice.

           4. Научить студентов употреблять грамматические формы в устной и письменной речи

Основные вопросы темы:

1. Работа с грамматикой:

 - введение грамматического материала The Present Perfect Tense Active Voice.

- активизация грамматического материала

- выполнение подстановочных упражнений

- выполнение трансформационных упражнений

- применение грамматического материала в устной речи

2.Работа над лексикой:

 - введение лексического материала с применением дефиниций

 - активизация лексического материала на тексте

 - синонимы

 - антонимы

 - подстановочные упражнения

3. Работа с текстом:

 - обучению чтению

 - упражнения на опознавание и дифференциацию грамматический явлений

 - упражнения для формирования навыков работы с двуязычным словарем

 - составление вопросов и плана к тексту

 - упражнения для обучения интерпретации текста

 - упражнения на контроль понимания основного содержания прочитанного текста

Методы обучения и преподавания 

- командная работа

- индивидуальная работа

- дискуссия по теме

- работа в парах

Литература:

  1.  Волмянская О.А. Профессиональный английский язык для студентов-медиков, Мн.: выш. Шк., 1984г.-180с.
  2.  Маслова А.М. Учебник английского языка для медицинских вузов. 2-е изд. Испр. Доп. М.: Высш.шк., 1983г.-352с.
  3.  Экерсли К.Э. Учебник английского языка.-Харьков,1992г.-250с.
  4.  Бушина Л.М. и др. Учебник немецкого языка медвузов. 1984
  5.  Бондарь С.Н. и др. Учебник немецкого языка для медвузов. 1977
  6.  Бондарь С.Н. и др. Пособие по немецкому языку для медвузов. 1977 на английском языке

Контроль: Выполнение лексико-грамматического теста.

I. Read and translate the new words:

pump

pressure

increase

discharge out

carbon dioxide

pass into 

oxygenate

prolonged

contraction

carry

II. Read and translate the text:

The circulation of blood

Now we know that the venous blood from the systemic and portal circulation is brought to the right atrium of the heart. When the pressure in the right atrium has increased the blood passes into the right ventricle from the right atrium.

During the systole of the ventricle the blood is pumped from the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery. When the right ventricle has pumped the venous blood into the pulmonary artery it enters the pulmonary circulation. The blood is brought to the lungs through the pulmonary artery. In the lungs the venous blood discharges out carbon dioxide. When the blood has discharged out carbon dioxide it takes in oxygen in the lungs.

The blood which has become oxygenated passes from the venous part of the pulmonary capillary system into the venules and veins. When the oxygenated blood has passed the four pulmonary veins it is brought to the left atrium of the heart. Under the pressure in the left atrium the arterial blood which the pulmonary veins have brought to the heart is pumped into the left ventricle. During the prolonged contraction of the left ventricle, the so-called ventricular systole, the arterial blood is pumped into the aorta-the main artery of the vascular system. When the left ventricle has pumped the arterial blood into the aorta it is carried through the arteries to all the parts of the body.

III. Answer the questions:

  1.  When does the blood pass into the right ventricle from the right atrium?
  2.  What does the venous blood discharge in the lungs?
  3.  Where does the oxygenated blood pass?
  4.  When is the blood pumped to aorta?
  5.  When is the blood carried to all parts of the body?

7.   What do we mean by oxygenate?

IV.Insert the missing words:

1. When the left ventricle has pumped the arterial blood into the _____ it is carried through the arteries to all the parts of the body.

2. When the oxygenated blood has passed the four _____veins it is brought to the left atrium of the heart.

3. In the lungs the venous blood ______ out carbon dioxide.

4. Under the _______ in the left atrium the arterial blood which the pulmonary veins have brought to the heart is pumped into the left ventricle.

5. When the left ventricle has ______the arterial blood into the aorta it is carried through the arteries to all the parts of the body.

Task II. Complete the sentences:

V. Say true or false:

1.  When the pressure in the right atrium has increased the blood passes into the right ventricle from the left atrium.

2.   During the systole of the ventricle the blood is pumped from the left ventricle into the pulmonary artery.

3.   When the blood has discharged out carbon dioxide it takes in oxygen in the lungs.

4.   During the prolonged contraction of the left ventricle, the so-called ventricular systole, the arterial blood is pumped into the aorta-the main artery of the vascular system.

5.  When the left ventricle has pumped the arterial blood into the aorta it is carried through the arteries to the brain.

VI. Grammar exercise. Translate the sentences with the Present Perfect Tense. Active Voice:

  1.  We have already investigated this case.

2. The professor has delivered the lecture about the circulation of blood.

3. My mother has suffered from leukemia.

  1.  Tina has written report about clotting of blood.
  2.  The child has already slept after the operation.

4. The doctors haven’t examined the patients yet.

5. The coagulation of the blood has just stopped the bleeding of a wound.

6.  My sister has recently admitted to the hospital.

7. My old mother has fallen ill.

VII. Retell the text. 

VIII. Revision test

1. Give the definition to the following word:  to oxygenate

  1.  to exclude much oxygen
  2.  to give much oxygen
  3.  to receive much oxygen
  4.  to pressure much oxygen
  5.  to measure much oxygen

2. Put in the missing word:

The venous blood is oxygenated in the …….  .

  1.  lungs
  2.  heart
  3.  kidneys
  4.  bladder
  5.  spleen

3. Put in the missing word:

The venous blood from the systemic and portal circulation is brought to …….  .

  1.  the left atrium of the heart
  2.  the left ventricle of the heart
  3.  the lungs
  4.  the right atrium of the heart
  5.  the right ventricle of the heart

4. Put in the missing word:

During the systole of the ventricle the blood is pumped from the right ventricle into …….  .

  1.  pulmonary artery
  2.  brain
  3.  left ventricle
  4.  left atrium
  5.  right atrium

5.Put in the missing word:

The main artery of the vascular system is ……. .

  1.  vein
  2.  aorta
  3.  pulmonary artery
  4.  tube
  5.  intestine

6. Give the definition to the word: Aorta

  1.  it is the artery which carries water
  2.  it is the artery which carries alcohol
  3.  it is the artery which carries liquid
  4.  it is the artery which carries mucosa
  5.  it is the artery which carries blood

7. Give the antonym to the word: To increase

  1.  to decrease
  2.  to suppose
  3.  to suspect
  4.  to breathe
  5.  to regulate

8. Give the definition to the word: A lung

  1.  the organ with the help of which we see
  2.  the organ with the help of which we smell
  3.  the organ with the help of which we hear
  4.  the organ with the help of which we touch
  5.  the organ with the help of which we breathe

9. Give the definition to the word: Blood

  1.  fluid tissue
  2.  bone tissue
  3.  nervous tissue
  4.  muscular tissue
  5.  connective tissue

10. Give the antonym to the word: Rest

  1.  fluid
  2.  muscle
  3.  work
  4.  meal
  5.  cell

11. Find the sentence in the Present Perfect tense:

  1.  He has already taken blood analysis.
  2.  He will have taken blood analysis.
  3.  He had taken blood analysis.
  4.  He will take blood analysis.
  5.  He will have been taking blood analysis.

12. Define the negative sentence in the Present Perfect tense:

  1.  The students hadn’t just been written the lecture about blood diseases.
  2.  The students haven’t just been written the lecture about blood diseases.
  3.  The students hasn’t just been written the lecture about blood diseases.
  4.  The students ‘haven’t just been written the lecture about blood diseases.
  5.  The students’ haven’t just been written the lecture about blood diseases.

13.Find the verb in the Present Perfect tense:

  1.  shall have been performing
  2.  will perform
  3.  shall have performed
  4.   have performed
  5.  had performed

14.Define the interrogative sentence the Present Perfect tense:

  1.  Has the professor already delivered the lecture about circulation of blood?
  2.  Had the professor already delivered the lecture about circulation of blood?
  3.  Have the professor already delivered the lecture about circulation of blood?
  4.  Already the professor has delivered the lecture about circulation of blood?
  5.  Does has the professor already delivered the lecture about circulation of blood?

15.Find the negative form of the Present Perfect tense:

  1.  will have not been working
  2.  have not been worked
  3.  have not worked
  4.  will have been worked not
  5.  not will have been working

16.Put the verb in the correct tense:

The boy (to vomit) a great deal this morning.

  1.  have vomited
  2.  has vomited
  3.  vomiting
  4.  have been vomiting
  5.  vomited

17.Complete the following sentence:

When ….has pumped the venous blood into the pulmonary artery it enters the pulmonary circulation.

  1.  oxygen
  2.  the right ventricle
  3.  the receiving chambers
  4.  septum
  5.  fluid

18.Complete the following sentence:

The….. is pumped into the aorta-the main artery of the vascular system. The cardiac atria serve as .

  1.  oxygen
  2.  the main pump
  3.  the receiving chambers
  4.  arterial blood
  5.  fluid

19.Give the synonym to the word:

the cardiac muscle

  1.  muscle cell
  2.  oblique muscle
  3.  extensors
  4.  radiated muscles
  5.  the heart muscle

20.Give the synonym to the word:

the emotional stress

  1.  discharge
  2.  admission
  3.  extensors
  4.  exertion
  5.  discovery

21.Give the antonym to the word:

Discharge out

  1.  go on
  2.  take
  3.  propose
  4.  treat
  5.  become

22.Give the antonym to the word: Different

  1.  the same
  2.  the last
  3.  the  moment
  4.  various
  5.  insistent

23.Give the antonym to the word:  Higher

  1.  taller
  2.  lower
  3.  better
  4.  happier
  5.  alert

24. Define the tense: These substances have activated all the vital processes in the patient’s organism:

  1.  The Present Simple
  2.  The Past Perfect
  3.  The Present Continuous
  4.  The Present Perfect Continuous
  5.  The Present Perfect

25.Define the tense: Fibers has surrounded each chamber separately.

  1.  The Present Simple
  2.  The Past Perfect
  3.  The Present Continuous
  4.  The Present Perfect Continuous
  5.  The Present Perfect

26.Define the tense: I have never experienced acute headaches.

  1.  The Present Perfect
  2.  The Past Perfect
  3.  The Present Continuous
  4.  The Present Perfect Continuous
  5.  The Present Simple

27.Give the definition to the following word: a heart

  1.  the organ which helps us to breathe
  2.  the organ which digests the food
  3.  the organ of vision
  4.  the organ of hearing
  5.  the organ which pumps the blood through the arteries

28.Give the definition to the following word: A cardiologist

  1.  a person who studies the physiology
  2.  a person who studies the psychology
  3.  a person who studies the ecology
  4.  a person who studies the biology
  5.  a person who studies the problems of the heart

29.Give the definition to the following word: cardiosurgery

  1.  an operation performing on the lung
  2.  an operation performing on the heart
  3.  an operation performing on the kidney
  4.  an operation performing on the stomach
  5.  an operation performing on the face

30.Give the synonym to the word: Main

  1.  clever
  2.  expensive
  3.  warm
  4.  generous
  5.  important

31. Give the antonym to the word: many

  1.  much
  2.  little
  3.  profuse
  4.  large
  5.  various

32. Give the synonym to the word: many

  1.  much
  2.  little
  3.  profuse
  4.  few
  5.  various

33. Find the antonym to the following word: directly

  1.  indirectly
  2.  complicated
  3.  expensive
  4.  complex
  5.  important

34.Complete the following sentence:

During the …. of the ventricle the blood is pumped from the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery.

  1.  systole
  2.  circulation
  3.  artery.
  4.  the venous blood
  5.  the pulmonary artery

35.Complete the following sentence:

When the right ventricle has pumped the venous blood into ….  it enters the pulmonary circulation

Find the synonym to the following word:

sense

  1.  systole
  2.  circulation
  3.  artery.
  4.  the venous blood
  5.  the pulmonary artery

36.Find the synonym to the following word:

pain

  1.  complication
  2.  smell
  3.  feeling
  4.  vision
  5.  ache

37.Find the synonym to the following word:

To order

  1.  to add
  2.  to finish
  3.  to control
  4.  to confirm
  5.  to move

38.Complete the following sentence:

The oxygenated blood has passed the …. pulmonary veins.

  1.  2
  2.  4
  3.  3
  4.  5

39.Put the verb in the correct tense:

Her hemoglobine’s level recently (to be) low.

  1.   Has been
  2.  Will be
  3.  Have been
  4.  being
  5.  had been

40.Define the tense: Changes in the number of white cells have accompanied certain diseases.

  1.  The Present Simple
  2.  The Past Perfect
  3.  The Present Continuous
  4.  The Present Perfect Continuous
  5.  The Present Perfect

41.Define the tense: The venous blood has discharged out carbon dioxide.

  1.  The Present Simple
  2.  The Past Perfect
  3.  The Present Continuous
  4.  The Present Perfect Continuous
  5.  The Present Perfect

42.Define the tense: The blood has taken oxygen in the lungs.

  1.  The Present Simple
  2.  The Past Perfect
  3.  The Present Continuous
  4.  The Present Perfect Continuous

   E) The Present Perfect

43. Define the tense:

The blood has become oxygenated.

  1.  The Present Simple
  2.  The Past Perfect
  3.  The Present Perfect
  4.  The Present Perfect Continuous

   E) The Past Perfect Continuous

44. Define the tense:

The left ventricle has pumped the arterial blood.

  1.  The Present Simple
  2.  The Past Perfect
  3.  The Present Perfect
  4.  The Present Perfect Continuous

   E) The Past Perfect Continuous

45. Complete the following sentence:

During the systole of the ventricle the blood is pumped from … into the pulmonary artery.

  1.  the right ventricle
  2.  circulation
  3.  artery.
  4.  the venous blood
  5.  the pulmonary artery

46. Put the correct preposition:

the period …… rest

  1.  of
  2.  from
  3.  into
  4.  to
  5.  on

47. Give the synonym to the word:

to beat

  1.  to sound
  2.  to depend on
  3.  to follow
  4.  to regulate
  5.  to make beats

48. Give the synonym to the following word:

shape

  1.  space
  2.  form
  3.  bone
  4.  nose
  5.  vein

49.Define the tense:

The oxygenated blood has passed the four pulmonary veins.

  1.  The Present Simple
  2.  The Past Perfect
  3.  The Present Continuous
  4.  The Present Perfect Continuous

   E) The Present Perfect

50. What is the function of the heart?

  1.  to pump the blood through the arteries to all the parts of the body
  2.  to estimate the role of the ventricles
  3.  to carry  much carbon dioxide
  4.  to receive much oxygen
  5.  to discharge sputum




1. ТЕМА ПРОЕКТУ Створення моделі жіночого одягу за індивідуальним замовленням та розробка конструкторської
2. История развития законодательства зарубежных стран
3. а одна из наиболее распространённых форм применения физкультуры
4. Аэрозоли
5. исследования которое фокусируется на понимании поведения желаний и предпочтений потребителей конкуренто
6. статья 6 бюджетного кодекса Бюджетная системы РФ основанная на экономических отношениях и государственно
7. направления Срочная вакансия Обязанности- Разработка стратегии развития интернетпроекта; п
8. Тема- визначення межі вогнестійкості залізобетонної конструкції
9. тема и функции Анатомофизиологическое особенности респираторной системы новорожденных предрасполагаю
10. Чувашский государственный университет имени И
11. Холодовые травмы
12. Контрольная работа- Экономическая безопасность, техногенные катастрофы
13. Институт Механобр
14. тема социальных служб и учрежденийСоциальные службы- типы структура особенности функционирования Социал
15. Топография лобнотеменнозатылочной височной областей
16.  Выбрать материал и геометрические параметры режущего клина резца
17. Эмпиема плевры
18. Информационные технологии1
19. Родители как первые учителя ребёнка
20. Структура Отделения по г Петропавловску-Камчатскому Управления Федерального Казначейства по Камчатскому краю